Monday, 28 September 2020

1st Viscount Strangford

This family deduces its descent from

JOHN SMYTHE, of Corsham, Wiltshire, living in the reign of HENRY VIII, who married Joan, daughter of Robert Brouncker, of Melksham, in the same county, and had issue,
THOMAS, of whom presently;
Ann; Jane; Elizabeth.
Mr Smythe died in 1538, and was succeeded by his second son,

THOMAS SMYTHE (1522-91), who removed from Corsham and seated himself at Westenhanger, Kent.

This gentleman, commonly known as "Customer Smythe", was a customs farmer during the reign of ELIZABETH I, by which he amassed considerable wealth.

He wedded Alice, daughter and heiress of Sir Andrew Judde, of Ashford, by whom he acquired the manors of Ashford and Westure, and had issue,
JOHN, his heir;
Thomas (Sir), Knight, father of JOHN (Sir);
Richard (Sir), Knight, of Leeds Castle.
The eldest son,

SIR JOHN SMYTHE (1557-1608), Knight, of Westenhanger and Ashford, espoused, in 1578, Elizabeth, daughter and heiress of John Fineux, of Hawhouse, Kent, son of Sir John Fineux, Chief Justice of the King's Bench.

Sir John left issue, with two daughters, an only son,

SIR THOMAS SMYTHE KB (1599-1635), who was elevated to the peerage, in 1628, in the dignity of VISCOUNT STRANGFORD.

His lordship married the Lady Barbara Sydney, seventh daughter of Robert, 1st Earl of Leicester KG, and niece of the ever-memorable Sir Philip Sydney, and had issue,
PHILIP, his successor;
Barbara; Elizabeth; Philippa; Dorothy.
His lordship was succeeded by his only son,

PHILIP, 2nd Viscount (1634-1708), who married, in 1650, his cousin, the Lady Isabella Sidney, daughter of Robert, 2nd Earl of Leicester, and had issue, a daughter, Diana.

He wedded secondly, Mary, daughter of George Porter, eldest son of Endymion Porter, Groom of the Bedchamber to CHARLES I, and had issue,
ENDYMION, his successor;
Elizabeth; Olivia; Katherine Clare.
His lordship was succeeded by his only son,

ENDYMION, 3rd Viscount, who wedded Elizabeth, daughter and heiress of Monsieur le Larget de Bresville, of Chalons.

His lordship died in 1724, was succeeded by his only son, 

PHILIP, 4th Viscount (1715-87), in holy orders, Dean of Derry, who married, in 1741, Mary, daughter of Anthony Jephson, MP for Mallow Castle, County Cork.

He was succeeded by his only son,

LIONEL, 5th Viscount (1753-1801), who entered early in life into the army, and distinguished himself in North America; he subsequently took holy orders, and became a clergyman of the established church.

His lordship married, in 1779,  Maria Eliza, daughter of Frederick Philipse, of New York, and had issue,
PERCY CLINTON SYDNEY, his successor;
Eliza Maria Sydney; Louisa Sarah Sydney.
His lordship was succeeded by his only son,

PERCY CLINTON SYDNEY, 6th Viscount (1780-1855), GCB, GCH, who espoused, in 1817, Ellen, youngest daughter of Sir Thomas Burke Bt, of Marble Hill, and had issue,
Lionel Philip Thomas Henry;
Percy Ellen Frederick William;
Philippa Eliza Sydney; Louisa Ellen Frances Augusta.
His lordship was succeeded by his eldest son,

GEORGE AUGUSTUS PERCY SYDNEY,7th Viscount (1818-57), born at Stockholm, Sweden, who died a bachelor, and was succeeded by his brother, 

PERCY ELLEN ALGERNON FREDERICK WILLIAM SYDNEY, 8th Viscount (1825-69), born at St Petersburg, Russia, who wedded Emily Anne, daughter of Rear-Admiral Sir Francis Beaufort, though the marriage was without issue.

On his death in 1869, aged 43, the viscountcy became extinct.

A Selection from the Writings of Viscount Strangford on Political, Geographical and Social Subjects was edited by his widow and published in 1869.

His Original Letters and Papers upon Philology and Kindred Subjects were also edited by Lady Strangford (1878).

Strangford Arms courtesy of European Heraldry.  First published in February, 2012.

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