Friday, 30 November 2018

New DL


Mrs Fionnuala Jay-O’Boyle CBE, Lord-Lieutenant of the County Borough of Belfast, has been pleased to appoint:-
CORBETT, Mrs Patricia Sarah,
To be a Deputy Lieutenant of the County Borough, her Commission bearing date the day of November,  2018.

Lord Lieutenant of the County Borough

1st Duke of Sutherland


Many antiquaries coincide in attaching a long and distinguished line of ancestors to this family, and in giving it an Anglo-Saxon origin.

They differ, however, as to the identity of its founder, some tracing that honour to Sir Allan Gower, Lord of Sittenham, in Yorkshire, and high sheriff of that county at the time of the Conquest; while others name William Fitz-Guyer, of Sittenham, who was charged with a mark for his lands in the sheriff's accounts, in 1167.

In more than a century afterwards, towards the close of the 13th century, we find

SIR JOHN GOWER, one of the persons of note summoned to be at Carlisle, with horse and arms, on the feast of the Nativity of St John the Baptist, to march against the Scots; and again, in the following year, the same personage is summoned, for a like purpose, to proceed to Berwick.

After Sir John comes 

LAWRENCE GOWER, who obtained the King's pardon in the reign of EDWARD II for having been concerned with the Earl of Lancaster in the murder of Piers Gaveston (1st Earl of Cornwall), at Blacklow Hill, in 1312.

This Lawrence was succeeded by

SIR NICHOLAS GOWER, who was returned one of the Knights of the Shire, in Yorkshire, during the reign of EDWARD III, to a great council summoned by Edward the Black Prince, then guardian of the realm, and held at Northampton; for which service, being in attendance fourteen days, he received the sum of £5 and 12s.

Twelve years later, we find Sir Nicholas obtaining the King's permission to go to Rome, with six valets and seven horses in his retinue; and in 1351 he was commissioned to investigate some outrage committed upon Hugh, Archbishop of Damascus, at Newstead, near Boland.

From Sir Nicholas we pass to his grandson,

SIR JOHN GOWER, who was standard-bearer to Prince Edward, son of HENRY VI, and having been made prisoner at the battle of Tewkesbury, in 1471, was there beheaded.

This gallant but unfortunate soldier had married Elizabeth, daughter of Edward Goldsborough, one of the Barons of the Exchequer in the reign of HENRY VII, and left, with other children, his successor,

SIR EDWARD GOWER, who was succeeded by his eldest son,

THOMAS GOWER, who was captain of a band of light horsemen in the army which invaded Scotland, under the Duke of Somerset, in 1547, and Master of the Ordnance in the expedition against the same kingdom in 1560.

His successor,

SIR EDWARD GOWER, was succeeded by his son,

THOMAS GOWER, whose son,

SIR THOMAS GOWER, Knight, of Sittenham, Yorkshire, was created a baronet in 1620.

He wedded Anne, daughter and co-heiress of John D"Oyley, of Merton, Oxfordshire, and was succeeded by his eldest son,

SIR THOMAS GOWER, 2nd Baronet (1605-72), twice Sheriff of Yorkshire, who remained firm in his allegiance to CHARLES I, and was ultimately a considerable sufferer.

He was succeeded by his grandson,

SIR THOMAS GOWER, 3rd Baronet, a colonel of foot, who died in the camp at Dundalk in 1689; and never being married, the title reverted to his uncle,

SIR WILLIAM LEVESON-GOWER, 4th Baronet, who, by the adoption of his uncle, Sir Richard Leveson KB, of Trentham, in Staffordshire, inherited the entire of that gentleman's extensive estates.

Sir William was one of the Duke of Monmouth's bail in 1683, and represented Newcastle-under-Lyme in the four parliaments of CHARLES II.

He espoused the Lady Jane Granville, eldest daughter of John, Earl of Bath, and was succeeded, in 1691, by his eldest son,

SIR JOHN LEVESON-GOWER, 5th Baronet (1675-1709), who was elevated to the peerage, in 1703, in the dignity of Baron Gower.

His lordship married the Lady Catherine Manners, daughter of John, 1st Duke of Rutland, and died at Belvoir Castle.

He was succeeded by his eldest son,

JOHN, 2nd Baron (1694-1754), who was constituted Lord Privy Seal and sworn of the Privy Council in 1742; and subsequently, having been twice one of the Lords Justices during the King's absence from the realm, was created, in 1746, Viscount Trentham and EARL GOWER.

His lordship wedded thrice and had a numerous family.

His eldest son,

GRANVILLE (1721-1803), 2nd Earl, married thrice.

His lordship, when Lord Trentham, was unanimously returned to Parliament, in 1747, for the City of Westminster; but vacated his seat two years afterwards, in consequence of being appointed one of the Lords of the Admiralty.

He filled the high offices of Lord Privy Seal, Lord Chamberlain, and Lord President of the Council.

His lordship was installed a Knight of the Garter, and created, in 1786, Marquess of Stafford.

He was succeeded by his eldest son,

GEORGE, 2nd Marquess (1758-1833), KG, PC, who, during the lifetime of his father, had been summoned to parliament as Lord Gower (a courtesy title).

His lordship, Knight of the Garter, Privy Counsellor, was created, in 1833, DUKE OF SUTHERLAND.

He espoused, in 1785, Elizabeth, Countess of Sutherland and Baroness Strathnaver in her own right.
  • George Sutherland-Leveson-Gower, Earl Gower (1850-58), died in childhood;
Other titles (6th Duke onwards): Earl of Ellesmere and Viscount Brackley, of Brackley in the county of Northamptonshire (1846)
  • Heir apparent: James Egerton, styled Marquess of Stafford, eldest son of the 7th Duke. He has three daughters.

DUNROBIN CASTLE, near Golspie, Sutherland, has been the ancestral seat of the Dukes and Earls of Sutherland.

It was originally a fortified, square keep, with walls six feet thick and a vaulted ceiling, looking out from a cliff-top position.

The keep stood isolated for some two centuries until a staircase and a high house were added.

It was encased by a series of additions from the 16th century onwards.

In 1785, a large extension was constructed. Remarkably this early keep still survives, much altered, within the complex of these later extensions, making Dunrobin one of the oldest inhabited houses in Scotland.

Sir Charles Barry was retained in 1845 to completely re-model the castle, to change it from a fort to a house in the Scottish-Baronial style that had become popular among the nobility, who were inspired by Queen Victoria's new residence at Balmoral.

There is very much a French influence with conical spires to the whole project, including the gardens, based on Versailles, which he laid out in the 1850s.

Much of Barry's interior was destroyed by a fire in 1915 and the interior today is mainly the work of Scottish architect, Sir Robert Lorimer, who altered the top of the main tower and clock tower at the north side of the building to the Scottish-Renaissance style.

Following the death of the 5th Duke in 1963, the earldom and dukedom were separated.

The Dukedom passed on through the male line; whilst the present Countess of Sutherland inherited the Earldom.

The Castle became a boys’ boarding school for a period of seven years from the late 1960s before reverting back to being a family house.

Trentham Hall

TRENTHAM HALL, Staffordshire, was a seat of the Dukes of Sutherland.

In 1803, when the 1st Marquess of Stafford died, his son succeeded to the family estates, including Trentham, and married Elizabeth, Countess of Sutherland.

Thus Trentham was acquired by the future Dukes of Sutherland.

Trentham Hall, it has been said, was the principal residence of the Most Noble George Granville [Leveson-Gower], Duke of Sutherland, Marquess of Stafford, Earl Gower, Viscount Trentham, and Hereditary Sheriff of Sutherland, who owned 12,744 acres of land in Staffordshire.

It was an elegant mansion, situated near the village in a park of 500 acres.

It has been entirely rebuilt during the last 14 years, and now has an elegant stone front and a lofty square tower.

The remodelling was also the work of Sir Charles Barry.

The Hall was one of many to be demolished in the 20th century, when in 1912 its owner, the 4th Duke of Sutherland, razed it after his offer to give it to the people of Stoke-on-Trent was rejected.

However, the gardens and the ornamental park with its lake and the estate woodlands have all been preserved.

There have been tentative proposals to rebuild Trentham Hall as a five star hotel.

However, in 2013, the developer St Modwen stated that the cost of refurbishing what remains of the buildings into a conference centre and an hotel was too much, at £35 million.

First published in February, 2014.

Knocktarna House


HUGH LYLE, of Coleraine, County Londonderry, Captain in a Regiment of Dragoons, said to have come originally from Renfrewshire, married, before 1717, Eleanor, daughter of Hugh Bankhead, of Killowen, County Londonderry, and had issue,
HUGH, his heir;
Elizabeth, mother of Lt-Gen Sir Hugh Lyle Carmichael;
The only son,

HUGH LYLE (1717-), of Coleraine, wedded, in 1749, Eleanor, daughter of Samuel Hyde, of Belfast, son of John Hyde, of Haughton, Cheshire, and had issue,
HUGH, his heir;
James, of Philadelphia, USA;
Mary; Eleanor.
The eldest son,

HUGH LYLE (1756-1812), of Jackson Hall, Coleraine, espoused Sarah, daughter of Thomas Greg, of Belfast, and had issue,
HUGH, his heir;
Elizabeth; Eleanor; May; Sarah.
The eldest son,

HUGH LYLE, of Knocktarna, County Londonderry, Mayor of Coleraine, married Harriet, daughter of John Cromie, of Cromore, County Londonderry, and had issue,
Hugh Thomas (1815-34);
JOHN, of whom hereafter;
James Acheson, of Portstewart;
Thomas Cromie (1819-54);
George Robert (1821-53);
Edward Augustus (Rev);
Octavius Godfrey;
Anne Frances; Sarah Olivia; Harriet Ellen; Ellen Jane; Frances Louisa.
The eldest surviving son,

THE REV JOHN LYLE (1817-), of Knocktarna, Rector of Kildolla, wedded firstly, in 1851, Elizabeth (died 1852), eldest daughter of the Rev Andrew McCreight, Rector of Belturbet; and secondly, in 1857, Elizabeth, eldest daughter of Major Thomas Scott, of Willsboro, County Londonderry, by whom he had issue,
HUGH THOMAS, his heir;
John Cromie;
Thomas William;
Charles Acheson;
George Herbert;
Kathleen Annette; Florence Emily; Harriette.
The eldest son,

HUGH THOMAS LYLE CBE DSO DL (1858-1942), Lieutenant-Colonel and Brevet Colonel, Royal Welch Fusiliers, wedded, in 1886, Alice Fanny, daughter of Sir Warren Hastings D'Oyly Bt, and had issue,
HUGH D'OYLY (1895-1977);
Kathleen Annie; Phyllis Mary.

KNOCKTARNA HOUSE, Coleraine, County Londonderry, formerly known as Knockantern House, is a two-storey, three-bay rendered house with a basement to the rear.

It was built ca 1830 on the north bank of the River Bann, to the south of Coleraine.

Knocktarna's features are typical of the period, characterised by restrained and plain detailing; a well-preserved example of a typical early-Victorian country house.

Set in large grounds, the fairly austere character of the house is significantly enhanced by a group of well-preserved rubble-stone and red-brick outbuildings, good quality gate-screen, and an unspoiled natural setting with views over the River Bann.

Of local interest, Knocktarna House makes a significant contribution to the architectural character and quality of Coleraine district.

The house featured in a map of 1830, with outbuildings to the rear forming two sides of a stable courtyard.

It was the seat of Hugh Lyle, linen merchant and Mayor of Coleraine, and was built in the early 19th century.

Knocktarna, comprising twenty-five rooms, continued to pass down through the Lyle family for some years.

It was recorded that a school was established in an outbuilding of the house in 1835, catering for 18 pupils.

The Lyles contributed towards the running of the school and the schoolmistress resided in the house.

Books were supplied by the London Hibernian Society and the Authorised Version of scripture was taught.

At the time of the 1901 census, the occupiers were the elderly Rev John Lyle and his wife who lived with their two daughters, their daughter-in-law and granddaughter.

The household included a substantial staff of six, including a nurse and a groom.

The Rev John Lyle was still at the house, aged 95, in 1911 and completed the census form in his own hand.

His slightly reduced staff included a cook, housemaid, kitchen maid and butler.

At the time of the First General Revaluation in the 1930s the accommodation comprised, on the ground floor: four receptions, two servants’ bedrooms, a servants’ bathroom, servants’ WC and a pantry.

In the basement were the servants’ hall, box room, dairy, wine cellars, store, kitchen, scullery and pantry; and on the first floor, six bedrooms, a dressing room, two servants’ bedrooms, a bathroom and two WCs.

In the 1930s the house was heated by radiators and lighting was supplied by an acetylene gas plant on the premises.

The gardens included a ‘rough’ lawn, 1½ acres of vegetable and fruit garden, ½ acre rough garden and 2 acres of orchard.

There was also a grass tennis court.

In 1948 a single-storey addition was made to the rear and the house was redecorated internally.

The house passed to Fred W Young in 1952, and subsequently became the Vice-Chancellor’s Lodge for the University of Ulster.

First published in November, 2016.

Thursday, 29 November 2018

Dane of Killyhevlin


JOHN DANE left England and was settled at Enniskillen, County Fermanagh, where he was church warden.

He married Mary, daughter of Peter Weldon, and had issue,
Elisabeth; Anne; Catherine.
Mr Dane died in 1678, and was succeeded by his eldest son,

PAUL DANE (1647-1745), of Killyhevlin, County Fermanagh, Provost of Enniskillen, 1687-90, who wedded firstly, Elizabeth, daughter of Christopher Martin, and had issue,
JOHN, of whom hereafter;
Paul Dane

He espoused secondly, in 1680, Eliza, daughter of the Rt Rev Joseph Story, Lord Bishop of Kilmore, and had further issue,
Martin (Rev);
Thomas (Rev), Curate of Tynan;
Mary; Margaret; Catherine; Wilhelmina; Elisabeth; Jane; Eleanor.
Mr Dane was present at the battle of the Boyne.

WILLIAM III gave him two pictures of himself and QUEEN MARY, now in Enniskillen Town Hall.

He was succeeded by his eldest son,

JOHN DANE (1670-1742), of Killyhevlin, who wedded, in 1734, Elizabeth, daughter of James Auchinleck, of Thomastown, County Fermanagh, by Elizabeth his wife, daughter of Colonel James Corry, of Castle Coole, and had issue,
PAUL, his heir;
Elisabeth; Sarah.
Mr Dane served in Brigadier Wolseley's Regiment of Horse, and subsequently abroad under the Duke of Marlborough, who gave him a jewelled sword.

He was succeeded by his son,

PAUL DANE, of Killyhevlin, who wedded, ca 1769, Margaret Swords (who remarried after his decease), and had issue,
RICHARD, his heir;
William, a military officer;
James, of Dromard;
John, a military officer;
Paul, Ensign in Tyrone Militia;
Christopher, of Enniskillen;
Alexander, died young;
Catherine, m Dr Trimble;
Elisabeth, m Captain Willis.
Mr Dane died in 1800, and was succeeded by his eldest son,

RICHARD DANE JP DL (1770-1842), of Killyhevlin, High Sheriff of County Fermanagh, 1816, Provost of Belturbet, who espoused, in 1809, Anna, daughter of the Rev Alexander Auchinleck, of Lisgoole Abbey, Rector of Rossory, County Fermanagh, and had issue,
Paul (1810-73), dsp;
Somerset (1810-42), physician in the Army;
Richard Martin (Dr);
WILLIAM AUCHINLECK, of whom presently;
Alexander, died young;
Armar Lowry-Corry (1825-6);
Daniel Elden (1828-33);
John (1831-33);
Juliana; Anna Maria; Eva; Henrietta; Margaret.
Mr Dane, agent to the Earl of Belmore, was succeeded by his fourth son,

WILLIAM AUCHINLECK DANE (1816-73), of Killyreagh, County Fermanagh, and 37, Rutland Square, Dublin, Solicitor, Sub-Sheriff of Fermanagh, 1849, who married, in 1846, Sarah, youngest daughter of Benjamin Friel Foster, 46th Regiment, of Drumloo, County Monaghan, and had issue,
Paul (1847-89);
Benjamin Friel Foster (Rev);
Richard Martin (1852-1903), MP, judge;
JAMES WHITESIDE, of whom hereafter;
Elisabeth; Florence; Anna; Sarah Gertrude.
Mr Dane was succeeded by his fourth son,

JAMES WHITESIDE DANE MBE DL (1856-1925), of Castle Warden, Naas, County Kildare, and Bonnybrook, County Fermanagh, Solicitor, Clerk of the Crown and Peace for County Kildare, who died unmarried.


John Dane was one of the "Forty-five Officers," and in 1647-8 John Dane of Hambledon or Hambleton (Devon) came to Ulster, having been assessed by the Irish Committees.

According to family tradition he was a Captain of Dragoons.

The first affirmative evidence of his connection with Enniskillen is in the foregoing note, and shortly afterwards he signed the minutes of the Vestry on 17th July, 1666; and on the 23rd March, 1667, "John Deane was chosen Church Warden of that Parish," and "1668, May 24, in ye room of John Deane there was chosen Churchwarden Philip Browning on behalf of ye Corporation."

On authority of the answer of Sir Michael Cole and John Cole, his son, to an Exchequer Bill filed by Paul Dane in 1710, we find that his father, John, married Mary, daughter of Peter Veldon of Enniskillen, and that the latter gave as her marriage portion two acres in Enniskillen and a house and tenement, known as "Burchill's Burgage Tenements and Backside."

Burchill's house was the second residence on the left-hand side of Water Lane and Mr Dane's was below it.

Mr Dane's name is returned in the Hearth Money Rolls, 1666, as one of eight persons out of some 84 who owned two hearths, the remainder of the householders only having one.

In his will of 1678 he mentions his son Paul to whom he left his "brick house."

He was buried in Enniskillen on the 5th February, 1678.

John Dean, Deane, or Dane, seems to have been known by each of these names, but after him the name Dane was regularly used.

Paul was the eldest of several children, but it is intended in this notice only to deal with the lineal descendants of Paul, who would appear to have been married three times, and it was he who was Provost (chief magistrate) of Enniskillen, during the ever-memorable defence of the Town in 1688-90.

Like many others of the day, he appears at first to have been opposed to refusing admission to the troops of JAMES II, and no doubt was nervous about doing so, owing to the fact that he was Provost, and as such was the supreme authority of the town; as Magistrate responsible to the King; and the fact that some of the principal gentry about were opposed to such action may have influenced him.

But once the townspeople decided to refuse admission to JAMES II's troops, it is clear from many authorities that he joined in this movement loyally, and did all in his power for the defence of Enniskillen and the cause of Protestantism, and of WILLIAM III, which is evidenced by the fact that he was not only Provost in 1688, but also in 1689 and 1690; and had he not been true to the town, there can be no doubt that he would not have been re-elected to that office in 1689 or again in 1690.

The following notice respecting him is from manuscripts in the British Museum:- Dane, Paul, Provost of Enniskillen, died 4 January, 1745, aged 98".

Paul Dane was Provost of that town for three consecutive years, during the late wars in the Kingdom, and did in the execution of his office such singular service to the Government in which he spent his private fortune as induced King William of immortal memory to send for him and to say that such of his family as were capable of serving the Government should be provided for.

According to family tradition he was present at the Battle of the Boyne. and after it was sent for, and personally thanked by King William for the part he had personally taken, and for the good work done by the populace of Enniskillen.

He had premises in Water Lane, Enniskillen, where he occupied a long frontage.

His house was burned on the 13th July, 1689, the day of the Battle of Kilmacormick, and by the Enniskilleners lest it should be of use to the Jacobites, and the late Earl of Belmore, who tried to locate his place of residence, inclined to the belief that it was somewhere about Tonystick.

Paul was Churchwarden of Enniskillen in 1698.

That he was a man of considerable position and substance is shown by the fact that he was awarded £1,503 compensation (about £300,000 today) as a suffering loyalist, a very large amount of money in those days, and it is recorded that his losses occasioned by the great fire in Enniskillen on Saturday, 2nd June, 1705, amounted to nearly £400.

How exactly he acquired the lands of Killyhevlin, Slee and Drumsna, and the eel weirs attached, situated about a mile out of Enniskillen, is not known, but it is believed that after the fire in Enniskillen he went to reside in the Cottage there, and he is described as "of Killyhevlin" in 1710.

The tradition of the family is that the thatched portion of the house, shown as covered with ivy, represents the original house, without, however, the kitchen apartments, which were to the rear of it and were subsequently removed and replaced by slated buildings.

Paul Dane appears to have transferred Killyhevlin to his eldest son, John, a considerable time before his own death, which occurred at Levaughey, the residence of his daughter, Mrs Margaret Ball in 1745.

He had a considerable family.

His son Christopher married Mary, daughter of Gustavus Hamilton of Monea Castle, Governor of Enniskillen, 1688-9, and he lived to see his son, the Rev Martin Dane, not only Curate of Enniskillen, 1726, but Rector of Robinstown, County Meath.

"The Provost," as he was called in the family, was buried in a vault under Enniskillen Church, and about April, 1876, the Sextoness of Enniskillen told one of his descendants that before the alteration of the Church about 1840, when the vault would appear to have been closed, she had seen his coffin.

John Dane, the eldest son of the Provost, who also, like his father, signed the Enniskillen address to WILLIAM III, was one of the original officers of, and served in, Brigadier Wolseley's Regiment of Horse, and was a lieutenant when "the Regiment was broken in 1698."

He subsequently fought under the great Duke of Marlborough in the Low Countries as a captain, and was presented by him with a jewelled sword, which unfortunately his widow did not preserve for the family, but sold for her own benefit.

John Dane married, in 1730, Elizabeth (died 1772), youngest daughter of Captain James Auchinleck, of Thomastown, and his wife Elizabeth, youngest daughter of Colonel James Corry, of Castle Coole, ancestor of the Belmore family.

He was Churchwarden of Enniskillen in 1732.

By his will he desired to be buried in Enniskillen Church, and thereby appointed as his executors Charles Grattan, of the Royal School, Enniskillen; Margetson Armour, of Castle Coole; and his brother, the Rev Thomas Dane.

He left two daughters and an only son, Paul, who succeeded to Killyhevlin.

John Dane signed the vestry minutes of Enniskillen in 1757, and on 5th November, 1783, was elected and sworn as a burgess and freeman of the Corporation of the Borough of Belturbet.

He married Margaret Swords, of Belturbet, County Cavan, and died on the 17th March, 1800, aged 68, and was buried in Enniskillen, apparently not under the Church, as there is a tomb stone in the yard, bearing the inscription ''erected to the memory of Paul Dane, Esq., who departed this life 17th March, 1800, aged 68, also his son Alexander, aged 13."

Mr Dane appointed as the Executors of his will, his sons Richard and Paul, Lord Belmore and Hugh Montgomery, of Castle Hume.

The latter, however, predeceased him.

Paul Dane left seven sons and two daughters: Richard Martin; William (1st Foot, Captain, 13th Regiment, believed to have been killed at Wexford during Rebellion); James, of Dromard; John, Captain of 6th Regiment of Foot, ADC to HRH The Duke of Gloucester, served in Ireland during the Rebellion and also in America; Paul, in Tyrone Militia; Christopher, died unmarried; Alexander, died young. And two daughters: Catherine, married Dr Trimble; and Elizabeth, who married Captain George Willis.

Richard Martin Dane succeeded to Killyhevlin; was appointed at least thirteen times a Church Warden of Enniskillen Parish; was a JP for the Counties of Fermanagh, Longford, Tyrone and Cavan; a Deputy Lieutenant for Fermanagh; and Provost of Belturbet every alternate year from 1810 until 1840, having been admitted a Burgess and Freeman ot the Corporation of that town 19th July, 1796.

He was a very retiring man but a good businessman, and added considerably to the family estate.

He served the office of High Sheriff of Fermanagh, 1816, was a frequent member of the Grand Jury, and, with Lord Belmore, was appointed by the Grand Jury as overseer to lay out and get made at least part of the main road from Enniskillen to Dublin.

Mr Dane married, in 1809, Anna, only daughter of Rev Alexander Auchinleck, of Lisgoole Abbey, Rector of Rossorry, and of his wife, Jane Eccles, great-niece of Galbraith Lowry-Corry, and a descendant of Daniel Eccles.

He left surviving him three sons and four daughters, and was succeeded by his eldest son, Paul Dane, born on the 5th July, 1810, who wedded Georgina Saunderson and died in Canada, 23rd October, 1872.

He, like his ancestors, was four times elected Church Warden of Enniskillen, and was for many years local Inspector of the gaol; a frequent member of the Grand Jury; a JP for Fermanagh.

He sold the eel weirs at Killyhevlin to improve the navigation of Lough Erne when it was removed to permit the lake bed being lowered between Killyhevlin and Drumsna; served as High Sheriff of Fermanagh, 1849.

Economy was not one of the many good qualities that he possessed.

The second son, Somerset Dane, a doctor in the army, died in 1842 when on service abroad in Demerara.

The third son, Dr Richard Martin Dane, Inspector-General.

William Auchinleck Dane, of Killyreagh, County Fermanagh, born 1816, was a solicitor and lived for some years at Bellanaleck, County Fermanagh; was Secretary, Fermanagh Grand Jury; Church Warden of Enniskillen, 1842; sub-Sheriff, 1849, the year his brother was High Sheriff, and was a keen politician, taking an active part in the Conservative interest in the politics of Enniskillen, and was largely instrumental in the return of James Whiteside QC, as member of the Borough of Enniskillen; was Grand Secretary of the Loyal Orange Institution, and one of those mainly responsible for the laws and constitutions under which that organisation still works.

He built the existing house at Killyreagh, which had been the property of his mother.

At the passing of the Irish Church Act he was elected by the members of Enniskillen Parish Church as one of the lay delegates to represent the Parish of Enniskillen in the General Convention of the Church, by which the future constitution of the Church was to be prepared, and whilst addressing the General Church Synod on 26th April, 1873, on the question of the Revision of the Prayer Book, he was struck down with apoplexy and died on the 28th April, 1873.

He was buried at Derryvullen, leaving four sons surviving him: Paul (1847-89), solicitor, practised at Ballyshannon, County Donegal, Clerk, Crown and Peace for County Wicklow; the Rev Benjamin Frith Foster Dane, some time on the stage and afterwards Clerk in Holy Orders; Richard Martin Dane, KC, County Court Judge for County Mayo, 1898-1903, died leaving James Auchinleck Dane DSO, Major, Royal Field Artillery, mentioned four times in Dispatches, fought continuously in France and Belgium from August 1914 to March 1918, when he was ''gassed."

James Whiteside Dane DL, born 22nd June, 1856, solicitor, 22nd June, 1878, Clerk Crown and Peace, County Kildare, March, 1889; served for some time as a Town Commissioner of Enniskillen; a member of the Vestry, Enniskillen, 1877.

First published in September, 2016.

1st Earl of Traquair


JAMES STEWART (1442-99), second son of Sir James Stewart, Black Knight of Lorn, by Joan, Dowager Queen of JAMES I, King of Scotland, who was created EARL OF BUCHAN in 1469, left a natural son by Margaret, a lady of the family of Murray,

JAMES STEWART (1480-1513), 1st Laird of Traquair, who obtained a charter of legitimacy, 1488-89, and received, by deed of gift, the barony of Traquair, which was confirmed by royal charter, in 1492.

This gentleman wedded Katherine, daughter and sole heiress of Richard Rutherford, of that ilk, with whom he acquired the baronies of Rutherford and Wells, Roxburghshire; and falling at Flodden, in 1513, was succeeded by his son,

WILLIAM STEWART, of Traquair, whose great-grandson,

SIR JOHN STEWART, was elevated to the peerage, in 1628, in the dignity of Lord Stewart of Traquair; and created, in 1633, Lord Linton and Caberston and EARL OF TRAQUAIR.

His lordship wedded Katherine, daughter of David, 1st Earl of Southesk, by whom he had one son and four daughters.

This nobleman was constituted treasurer-depute of Scotland by CHARLES I; and when that unfortunate prince was subsequently confined in the Isle of Wight, his lordship raised a regiment of horse for His Majesty's service, and marching at its head to the battle of Preston, himself and his son, Lord Linton, fell into the hands of the rebels, and were committed to Warwick Castle, where Lord Traquair remained four years; being at last, however, released, he returned home and suffered extreme poverty.

His lordship died in 1659 and was succeeded by his son,

JOHN (1624-66), 2nd Earl, who married firstly, in 1649, Harriet, second daughter of George, Marquess of Huntly, by whom he had no issue; and secondly, Anne, daughter of George, 2nd Earl of Winton.

His lordship was succeeded by his eldest son,

WILLIAM, 3rd Earl, who, dying unmarried in 1741, the honours devolved upon his only surviving brother,

CHARLES, 4th Earl, who espoused Theresa, daughter of Sir Baldwin Conyers Bt, of Great Stoughton, Huntingdonshire; but dying without issue in 1764, the honours devolved upon his brother,

JOHN, 6th Earl, who wedded Christiana, daughter of Sir Philip Anstruther, and left issue, his only son,

CHARLES (1746-1827), 7th Earl, who married, in 1773, daughter and co-heiress of George Ravenscroft Esq, of Wickham, Lincolnshire; and was succeeded by his only son,

CHARLES (1781-1861), 8th Earl, on whose decease the titles became dormant or extinct. 

TRAQUAIR HOUSE, near Peebles, Selkirkshire,is claimed to be the oldest continually inhabited house in Scotland.

While not strictly a castle, it is built in the style of a fortified mansion.

The house has been inhabited for over 900 years and was originally a hunting lodge for the kings and queens of Scotland.

In 1491, it was gifted by the Earl of Buchan to his son, James Stewart, who became the 1st Laird of Traquair.

During the 1500s and 1600s the main building was completed and it was during this time that the Lairds of Traquair were at the centre of political power and became associated with Mary Queen of Scots who visited Traquair in 1566.

In the early 1600s the 7th Laird rose to become Chief High Treasurer of Scotland in 1636 and was granted an earldom.

However, in the mid 1600s the family returned to the Catholic faith, thereby forfeiting any further chance of advancement and their later support for the Jacobite cause increase their isolation.

The two wings were added in 1694, and these were the last additions to the house, with the exception of the famous Bear Gates at the top of the main drive, which were built in 1739 only to be closed in 1745, following the visit of Bonnie Prince Charlie when the 5th Earl promised they would never be opened again until the Stuarts returned to the throne.

The Stuarts survived at Traquair until 1875 when Lady Louisa Stuart died unmarried.

The earldom was lost and the house passed to her cousin Henry Constable Maxwell who took the name Maxwell Stuart and it is Catherine Maxwell Stuart, 21st Lady of Traquair, who lives with her family in the house today.

First published in January, 2014.  Traquair arms courtesy of European Heraldry.

Wednesday, 28 November 2018

Rathdaire House


The family of ADAIR were originally from Scotland and settled in Ireland about 1690, at the time of the battle of the Boyne.  

THOMAS ADAIRE, son of Archibald Adaire, wedded Mary Hamilton, and settled in the Queen's County (Laois).

His son,

ARCHIBALD ADAIRE, married and was father of

JOHN ADAIR, of Rath, Queen's County, High Sheriff of Queen's County, 1782, who died in 1809, and was father of

GEORGE ADAIR JP DL (1784-1873), of Rath, High Sheriff of Queen's County, 1822, who married Elizabeth, second daughter of the Very Rev Thomas Trench, Dean of Kildare (brother of the 1st Lord Ashtown), and had an only son,

JOHN GEORGE ADAIR JP DL (1823-85), of Rathdaire, Queen's County, and Glenveagh Castle, County Donegal, High Sheriff of Queen's County, 1867, County Donegal, 1874.
George and his son John George, better known as Jack, built a "state of the art" farmyard at Belgrove in 1851. To justify their investment they ejected their tenants from the best land in Ballyaddan, Rathroinsin, Belgrove, etc., expecting to run the land more efficiently in a larger unit, rather than depending on what they could extract from their tenants.
Jack himself acquired more land in Tipperary, Kildare, and Donegal, and also a large ranch in Texas called the JA Ranch. He died in 1885 on his way home from the States, aged 62 years. Thanks to Dr. Bob Spiegelman of New York we have learned a great deal more about the JA Ranch and Jack's connections with it, as well as Glenveagh in Donegal. When the Irish Land Commission acquired the Estate in 1935 they divided it among some of the Estate employees and enlarged many of the small farms in the area.
The farmyard was divided between four families, and four of the farm buildings were converted into dwellings. Later on three of the families moved elsewhere or changed from farming. As the other families left the Murphy family bought out the rest of the yard. Michael Murphy Sr. was yard-man on the estate when he was a youth and he got a quarter of the farmyard in the 1935 division; he survived to see his family own the whole farmyard eventually.
Mr Adair married Cornelia, daughter of General J S Wadsworth, US Army, in 1867, and died without issue.

Former seats - Rathdaire, Monasterevin, County Laois; Glenveagh Castle, County Donegal.

RATHDAIRE HOUSE, or Bellegrove, was a two-storey over basement Italianate house of ca 1835, with the entrance bay to the centre having full-height flanking bows.

It was burnt in 1887 and is now in ruins with the basement filled-in.

The fittings are now gone; the interior ruinous.

The house is set back from road in its own grounds, now in use as a tillage field.

Stable complex, pair of detached gate lodges, gateway and site of former winter garden to site.

First published in June, 2012.

The Gore Baronets


This family is the parent stock whence the noble house of GORE, Earls of Arran, branched.

SIR PAUL GORE (1567-1629), a captain of horse, settled in Ireland during the reign of ELIZABETH I.
Sir Paul derived his descent from John Gore, Lord Mayor of London, 1624, the father of Gerard, of London, and of Shillinglee Park, Sussex, Citizen, Merchant Taylor and Alderman of London, who was interred in a tomb in the chancel of the church of St Mary Magdalen, Milk Street.
The said Gerard and his wife, Helen, had issue a daughter, Sarah, married to Sir Edward Turnour, ancestor to the Earls Winterton.
In 1602, Captain Gore was deputed by Lord Deputy Mountjoy to convey Her Majesty's protection to Rory O'Donnell, who had sued to be admitted to the Queen's favour, and to bring him to the Lord Deputy, then in Connaught, which mission he executed successfully.
Conducting O'Donnell to Athlone, the chieftain made his submission there to Her Majesty, and was created the next year Earl of Tyrconnel.
For this and other services, Sir Paul was rewarded by a grant from the Crown of the barony of Boylagh and Bannagh, in County Donegal, whch he enjoyed for some years, until JAMES I granted the same estate to the Earl of Annandale.
In lieu thereof, the King conferred a much inferior property upon the plantation of Ulster, viz. 1,348 acres of forfeited lands, called Magherabegg, in the same county; which estate was erected into a manor, under the designation of Manor Gore.
In the parliament which met in 1618, Sir Paul was returned for Ballyshannon.
Captain Gore was created a baronet in 1622, denominated of Magherabegg, County Donegal.

He married Isabella, daughter of Francis Wycliffe, and neice of Sir Thomas Wentworth, Earl of Strafford, by whom he had six sons and seven daughters: of the former,
RALPH, succeeded his father;
Arthur, cr a baronet, 1662; ancestor of the Earls of Arran;
Henry, Lt-Col in the army; m Mary, daughter of R Blayney, of Castle Blayney.
Sir Paul died in 1629, and was succeeded by his eldest son, 

SIR RALPH GORE, 2nd Baronet (-c1651), who wedded Anne, second daughter of William, 2nd Baron Caulfeild, of Charlemont, by whom he had an only son,

3rd Baronet, Privy counsellor, Custos Rotulorum for County Leitrim, who espoused Hannah, daughter and co-heir of James, son and heir of Sir F Hamilton, Knight, of Manor Hamilton, County Leitrim, by whom he had, with five daughters, two sons,
RALPH, his heir;
William (Very Rev), Dean of Down.
Sir William, died ca 1700, and was succeeded by his eldest son,

, 4th Baronet (c1675-1733), Privy Counsellor, MP for Donegal Borough, 1703-13, County Donegal, 1713-27, Clogher, 1727-33, Chancellor of the Irish Exchequer, and subsequently, in 1729, Speaker of the House of Commons in Ireland, upon the retirement of the Rt Hon William Conolly.

Sir Ralph succeeded, in right of his mother, to the estate of Manor Hamilton, and, beautifying the island of Ballymacmanus, in Lough Erne, gave it the name of BELLE ISLE.

He married firstly, Elizabeth, daughter of Sir Robert Colville, of Newtown, County Leitrim, by whom he had two daughters; and secondly, Elizabeth, daughter of the Rt Rev Dr St George Ashe, Lord Bishop of Clogher, by whom he had three sons and four daughters,
ST GEORGE, his heir;
RALPH, successor to his brother;
Richard, of Sandymount, father of RALPH;
Jane; Elizabeth; Catherine; Mary.
Sir Ralph was succeeded by his eldest son, 

SIR ST GEORGE GORE-ST GEORGE, 5th Baronet (1722-46), MP for County Donegal, 1741-6, who assumed the latter surname upon inheriting the estates of his maternal ancestors, his mother being, first, co-heir, and eventually, sole heir of her brother, Sir Richard St George, of Dunmore. 

Sir St George wedded, in 1743, Anne, only daughter of the Rt Hon Francis Burton, of Buncraggy, and sister of Francis Pierrepoint Burton, 2nd Baron Conyngham; but left no issue at his decease, when the title devolved upon his brother,

GENERAL SIR RALPH GORE (1725-1802), 6th Baronet, a distinguished military officer who, having obtained the command of a battalion, at the battle of Lauffeld, in 1747, when only a captain, owing to the fall of his senior officers, distinguished himself so highly that he received the thanks of the Duke of Cumberland on the following day, at the head of his regiment.

He subsequently represented County Donegal in parliament, and was raised to the peerage, in 1764, by the title of Baron Gore, of Manor Gore, County Donegal.

He was advanced to a viscountcy, in 1768, as Viscount Belleisle, of Belle Isle, County Fermanagh.

His lordship was further advanced, in 1772, to the dignity of an earldom, as EARL OF ROSS.

In 1788, Lord Ross, who had attained the rank of lieutenant-general, was appointed commander-in-chief in Ireland, during the absence of Lieutenant-General Sir A W Pitt. 

He married firstly, in 1754, Katherine, eldest daughter of the Rt Hon William Conolly, by whom he had no issue.

His lordship wedded secondly, Alice, daughter of the Rt Hon Nathaniel Clements, and sister of Robert, Lord Leitrim, by whom he had an only son, 

RALPH, Viscount Belleisle, who died issueless in 1789.

The 1st Earl died in 1802, when the peerage expired; but the baronetcy devolved upon his nephew,

SIR RALPH GORE (1758-1842), 7th Baronet (eldest son of the deceased Earl's brother, Richard Gore), who wedded the Lady Grace Maxwell, daughter of Barry, Earl of Farnham, and had issue,
ST GEORGE, his heir;
Grace; Martha; Elizabeth.
Sir Ralph was succeeded by his son, 

SIR ST GEORGE GORE, 8th Baronet (1811-78), who died unmarried.


(St George) Ralph Gore was the 9th Baronet (1841-87).

Sir Ralph St George Claude Gore, 10th Baronet (1877-1961) was a major in the Westminster Dragoons; lieutenant, The Royals; Vice-Commodore, Royal Yacht, 1947; President, Royal Yachting Association, 1945.

Sir (Ralph St. George) Brian Gore, 11th Baronet (1908-73) was educated at Eton and Sandhurst; Lieutenant-Colonel, The Royals, during 2nd W
orld War.
  • Sir St George Ralph Gore, 12th Baronet (1914–1973)
  • Sir Richard Ralph St.George Gore, 13th Baronet (1954–1993)
  • Sir Nigel Hugh St George Gore, 14th Baronet (1922–2008)
  • Sir Hugh Frederick Corbet Gore, 15th Baronet (b. 1934). 
It is believed that the present baronet lives in Australia.

First published in May, 2011;  revised in 2014.

Tuesday, 27 November 2018

1st Duke of Roxburghe


This family and the Kerrs, Marquesses of Lothian, descended from two brothers,

RALPH and JOHN, originally of Normandy, who passed from England into Scotland sometime in the 13th century, and laid the foundation of those two illustrious houses - Ralph, that of the Kerrs, Marquesses of Lothian; and John, that of the Kers of Cessford; of which the latter family, the eleventh in descent from the founder,

SIR ROBERT KER (1570-1650), Knight, of Cessford (elder son of William Ker, of Cessford, warden of the Middle Marches, by Janet, daughter of Sir William Douglas, of Drumlanrig), was elevated to the peerage, in 1600, as Lord Roxburghe; and created, in 1616, Lord Ker of Cessford and Cavertoun, and Earl of Roxburghe.

This nobleman accompanied JAMES VI, King of Scotland, into England, and was Lord Privy Seal in the reign of CHARLES I.

His lordship wedded Mary, daughter of Sir William Maitland.

Upon the decease of his younger and only surviving son, Lord Roxburghe obtained, in 1646, a new charter, entailing his honours and estates upon his grandson, the Hon Sir William Drummond; and after him, upon the three sons successively of his granddaughter Jane, Countess of John, 3rd Earl of Wigtown.

The 1st Earl's aforesaid grandson,

THE HON SIR WILLIAM DRUMMOND (1622-75), succeeding as 2nd Earl of Roxburghe, assumed the surname of KER, and fulfilling the stipulation in the will by marrying his cousin, the Lady Jean Ker, was succeeded by his eldest son,

ROBERT, 3rd Earl (c1658-82) who was one of the privy council of CHARLES II, accompanying The Duke of York from London to Scotland in HMS Gloucester.

His lordship was lost on the coast of Yarmouth, in 1682, leaving issue by his wife, Mary, daughter of John, 1st Marquess of Tweeddale (who survived him and remained a widow 71 years), three sons, of whom the eldest,

ROBERT (c1677-96) succeeded as 4th Earl; at whose decease, unmarried, the honours devolved upon his brother,

JOHN, 5th Earl (c1680-1741); who, having filled the office of Secretary of State in 1704, was installed a Knight of the Garter, and created, in 1707, Viscount Broxmouth, Earl of Kelso, Marquess of Cessford and Bowmont, and DUKE OF ROXBURGHE, with remainder to the heirs who should inherit the earldom of Roxburghe.

His Grace espoused Mary, daughter of Daniel, Earl of Nottingham, and widow of William, Marquess of Halifax; and dying in 1741, was succeeded by his only son,

ROBERT, 2nd Duke, who wedded, in 1739, Essex, eldest daughter of Sir Roger Mostyn Bt; and dying in 1755, was succeeded by his son,

JOHN, 3rd Duke; the celebrated book collector, who was installed a Knight of the Garter and a Knight of the Thistle; but dying unmarried, in 1804, the British honours expired, while the Scottish devolved upon His Grace's kinsman,

WILLIAM, 7th Lord Bellenden, as 4th Duke.

FLOORS CASTLE, near Kelso, Roxburghshire, was built in the 1720s by the architect William Adam for the 1st Duke of Roxburghe, possibly incorporating an earlier tower house

In the 19th century it was embellished with turrets and battlements by William Playfair for the 6th Duke.

Floors has the common 18th-century layout of a main block with two symmetrical service wings.

The 5th Earl of Roxburghe commissioned the Scottish architect William Adam (1689–1748), father of Robert Adam, to design a new mansion incorporating the earlier tower house.

It was built between 1721-26, and comprised a plain block, with towers at each corner.

Pavilions on either side housed stables and kitchens.

Ca 1837, the 6th Duke commissioned the fashionable architect William Playfair to remodel and rebuild the plain Georgian mansion house he had inherited.

The present form of the building is the result of Playfair's work.
In 1903, the 8th Duke married the American heiress May Goelet, who brought with her from her Long Island home a set of Gobelins Manufactory tapestries, that were incorporated into the ballroom in the 1930s, and added to the collection several modern pictures by Walter Sickert and Henri Matisse, among others.
The 10th and present Duke and Duchess undertake the huge responsibility of maintaining and protecting the treasures to ensure that they can be enjoyed by future generations.

In 2010, the installation of a biomass boiler providing a source of renewable heat energy marked the next page in the history of Floors Castle.

First published in January, 2014.  Roxburghe arms courtesy of European Heraldry.

Valete: Mount Stewart Pool

If, at Mount Stewart, you stroll along the coast-line to the south of the main road and between two of the gate lodges on the other side of the road, you shall find the remains of a low, stone wall with a sort of tower further along.

This part of the estate is across the main Portaferry Road, opposite the demesne itself.

There's a circular concrete base in the ground, with a rusty, iron rail within it.

Look inland and you will see a sunken wilderness, overgrown with gorse and long grass.

The concrete base was constructed for a wooden, revolving gazebo. 

The sunken wilderness is all that remains of Lord and Lady Londonderry's beautiful salt-water, kidney-shaped swimming-pool.

It was the most picturesque, splendid pool I have ever seen; tranquil and heavenly, surrounded by luxuriant flora, including palm trees.

On the patio beside the pool there were changing-rooms and a little fountain.

The base of the fountain and pool was painted aquamarine.

The changing-rooms were adjacent, their back against a high, stone wall.

I seem to recall a small stone plaque, or lozenge, between the cabins with Charles and Edith Londonderry's monogram.

This wall surrounded three sides of the pool area; and there was an elevated bank at the seaward side with stone steps and various features, like stone benches.

I think there was a diving-board, but I cannot be certain.

It felt like another world, within these walls; a true haven, sheltered from the sea breeze.

The pool was designed and built, it is believed, in the 1930s by Edith, Marchioness of Londonderry DBE, whose husband was the 7th Marquess.

They were really the last of the Londonderrys to live at Mount Stewart.

Their daughter, Lady Mairi, lived at Mount Stewart till her death in 2009.

The pool was in existence for barely sixty years.

This was a haven where family members, including the Lady Jane (The Lady Rayne), the Lady Annabel (Goldsmith), their brother Alastair, Viscount Castlereagh, and other friends spent many happy summers in the 1940s, playing games, swimming and picnicking.

It was still serviceable, though a bit decrepit, by the mid-eighties. 

We did our best to restore it and even managed to get water from the lough flowing in and out again.

By the 1990s, however, gangs of beer-swilling vandals had requisitioned the pool.

Its location across the main road cut it off from the rest of the estate, so it became vulnerable. 

Alas everything, including the walls, was subsequently demolished.

It is now a wilderness.

Imagine the scenario: The owner is advised, in the strongest terms, that, were one of the trespassers to injure themselves, fatally or otherwise, the owner could be held liable.

Either secure the swimming-pool and its environs from trespassers; risk prosecution; or remove the problem entirely.

Obviously the latter, simplest solution was chosen, and a decision was taken at the highest level.

Given such a beautiful creation, it cannot have been taken lightly.

I have taken a few pictures, including a stone memorial cross to some staff on the estate who perished at sea.

I adored this place. I still miss it.

I cherish fond memories of it before it was spoiled.

This is my tribute.

First published in April 2009.   Londonderry arms courtesy of European Heraldry.

Monday, 26 November 2018

Ballyconra House


This is a branch of the noble house of BUTLER, Earls and Marquesses of Ormonde, springing from

THE HON RICHARD BUTLER (1500-71), second son of Piers, 8th Earl of Ormonde, who was elevated to the peerage, in 1550, in the dignity of VISCOUNT MOUNTGARRET, County Wexford.

His lordship married firstly, Eleanor, daughter of Theobald Butler, of Nechum, County Kilkenny, and had one son, Edmund; and secondly, Catherine, daughter and heir of Peter Barnewall, of Stackallan, County Meath, and had issue, Barnewall, who died unmarried, Pierce, and other issue.

He espoused thirdly, in 1541, Anne, daughter of John, Lord Killeen, from whom he was divorced in the first year of his marriage.

His lordship was succeeded by his eldest son,

EDMUND, 2nd Viscount (c1562-1602), who married Grizzel, daughter of Barnaby, 1st Baron Upper Ossory, and was father of

RICHARD, 3rd Viscount (1578-1651), who wedded firstly, Margaret, eldest daughter of Hugh O'Neill, Earl of Tyrone, by whom alone he had issue, and was succeeded by his eldest son,

EDMUND, 4th Viscount (1595-1679), 

Earls of Kilkenny (1793)

Viscounts Mountgarret (continued)

The current heir presumptive is the present holder's brother, Edmund Henry Richard Butler (b 1962). 
Piers James Richard [Butler], 18th and present Viscount,  is de jure 27th Earl of Ormonde and 21st Earl of Upper Ossory following the death of the 7th Marquess of Ormonde in 1997. 

BALLYCONRA HOUSE is a seven-bay, two-storey over basement house with dormer attic, dated 1724, on an L-shaped plan, possibly originally a mill owner's house with two-bay two-storey side elevations, and single-bay two-storey double-pile return to north-west. Now in use as offices.

This is a well-appointed substantial house representing an important element of the early 18th century architectural heritage of County Kilkenny.

It may originally have had associations with the nearby Ballyconra Mills, though its primary significance was for the connections with the Butler Family, Viscounts Mountgarret, late of Ballyragget Castle (1495) together with the Cahill family.

Ballyconra is located on a slightly elevated site.

This house makes an important impression in a landscape dominated by late 20th-century industrial ranges.  

The house is said to be haunted by the ghost of Edmund, 12th Viscount Mountgarret and first and last Earl of Kilkenny, who died in 1846 and was the last Mountgarret to live there. 

Following Lord Kilkenny's death, the house was occupied by Michael Cahill, agent to the 13th Viscount, by whose descendants it was afterwards acquired.

The Mountgarrets' other seat was Nidd Hall, near Ripley, Yorkshire; sold in 1968.

First published in February, 2012.   Mountgarret arms courtesy of European Heraldry.