Tuesday, 25 November 2014

1st Baron de Ros


The ancestor of this family, 

PETER, having, in the reign of HENRY I, assumed his surname from the lordship of Ros, in Holderness, where he then resided, became

PETER DE ROS, or ROOS. This feudal baron married Adeline, one of the sisters and co-heirs of the famous Walter Espec, and was succeeded at his decease by his son,

who, during the reign of HENRY II, paid a thousand marks of silver to His Majesty for livery of the lands inherited by his mother from her brother, Walter Espec. This Robert was a munificent benefactor to the knights templars.
His son,  

EVERARD DE ROS, a minor, and in ward to Ranulf de Glanvill, married Rose Trusbut, of Wartre, in Holderness, and had two sons.
This gentleman must have been a very considerable personage at the period in which he lived, for we find him, in 1176, paying the then very large sum of £526 as a fine for his lands, and in four years subsequently £100 more to have possession of those which the Earl of Albemarle held.
Mr de Ros died about 1186, and was succeeded by his son, 

SIR ROBERT DE ROS, or de Roos, called Furfan, who, in the reign of RICHARD I, paid a thousand marks fine to the crown for livery of his lands.

In the reign of King JOHN, that monarch gave him the whole barony of his great-grandmother’s father, Walter Espec, to enjoy in as large and ample a manner as long as he ever held it.

Soon after which he was deputed, with the Bishop of Durham, and other great men, to escort the King of Scotland into England.
About the fourteenth year of JOHN’s reign, Robert de Ros assumed the habit of a monk, whereupon the custody of all his lands, viz. Wark Castle, Northumberland, with his whole barony, was committed to Philip de Ulcote; but he did not remain long as a recluse.
This feudal lord was the founder of Helmsley Castle, otherwise Hamlake, in Yorkshire; and Wark Castle, in Northumberland.

He wedded Isabella, daughter of WILLIAM The Lion, King of Scotland, and had issue,
WILLIAM, of Helmsley, of whom presently;
Robert, of Wark;
Having assumed the habit of the Knights Templars, Robert de Ros died in 1227, and was buried at London, at the Temple Church.

His eldest son's eldest son,

taking an active part against the King, was one of the chief barons, who, after the battle of Lewes, in 1264, where HENRY III and his son, Prince Edward, became prisoners, was summoned to the parliament, which was called by the barons in the King's name, as Baron de Ros, in 1264.
His lordship espoused Isabel, the great heiress of William d'Aubigny, Lord of Belvoir, in Leicestershire; and dying in 1285, was succeeded by his eldest son, 

WILLIAM, 1st Baron, who was an unsuccessful competitor for the crown of Scotland in 1292, through his grandmother Isabella, daughter of William the Lion, King of Scotland.

In 1296, he obtained from EDWARD I a grant of Wark Castle, upon its forfeiture by the treason of his kinsman, Robert de Ros.

His lordship wedded Maud, daughter and co-heir of John de Vaux, and was succeeded, in 1317, by his elder son, 

WILLIAM, 2nd Baron, who married Margery, eldest sister and co-heir of Giles, Lord Badlesmere, of Leeds Castle, in Kent.

This nobleman was, during the reign of  EDWARD II, one of the commissioners appointed to negotiate peace with Robert Bruce, King of Scotland.

Dying in 1343, he was succeeded by his elder son,

WILLIAM, 3rd Baron, who had the glory of leading the 2nd Division of the English army at the celebrated battle of Crécy.

He married Margaret, daughter of Ralph, 2nd Baron Neville de Raby; and dying in the Holy Land without an heir in 1352, the family honours devolved upon his brother, 

THOMAS, 4th Baron, who wedded Beatrice (relict of Maurice Fitzmaurice, Earl of Desmond, and daughter of Ralph, 1st Earl of Stafford); and dying in 1383, was succeeded by his eldest son,

JOHN, 5th Baron, KB, who was in the naval expedition during the reign of RICHARD II, under Richard, Earl of Arundel.

Dying in 1393, during a pilgrimage to Jerusalem, at Paphos, Cyprus, and leaving no issue, he was succeeded by his brother,

WILLIAM, 6th Baron, KG; who was constituted, by HENRY IV, LORD TREASURER OF ENGLAND.

This nobleman wedded Margaret, daughter of John, 1st Baron Arundel; and dying in 1414, was succeeded by his eldest son,

JOHN, 7th Baron, who espoused Margery, daughter and heiress of Philip, 2nd Baron le Despencer, but had no issue.

He was killed in France, where he served under the Duke of Clarence, in 1421, and was succeeded by his brother,

THOMAS, 8th Baron, who married Eleanor, daughter of Richard, 13th Earl of Warwick; and dying in 1431, was succeeded by his eldest son,

THOMAS, 9th Baron, was attainted in 1464 and died in the same year.

The barony of Ros lay under the attainder until the complete triumph of the Lancastrians, by the accession of HENRY VII, when the elder son of the late baron,

, 10th Baron, obtained an act of parliament, annulling and making entirely void, the act by which his father was attainted, and restoring to him all the estates and honours of the family.

His lordship died in 1508, unmarried, when the barony of de Ros fell into abeyance between his three sisters and co-heirs, which terminated in favour of

GEORGE MANNERS, as 11th Baron, the son and heir of Eleanor, the eldest sister, by her husband, Sir Robert Manners, knight (the two younger sisters having died without issue).

This nobleman was never summoned to parliament.

His lordship wedded Ann, only daughter and heir of Sir Thomas St Leger, knight, by Ann Plantagenet, sister of EDWARD IV.

He died in 1513, and was succeeded by his son,

THOMAS, 12th Baron, KG, who was summoned to parliament in 1515, and created EARL OF RUTLAND, in 1525, being also installed a Knight of the Garter.

His lordship died in 1543, and was succeeded by his son,

HENRY, 13th Baron and 2nd Earl of Rutland (1526-63), who was succeeded by his eldest son,

EDWARD, 14th Baron and 3rd Earl (1549-87), who died without male issue, when the earldom of Rutland reverted to his brother, and the barony of de Ros descended upon his only daughter and heir,

ELIZABETH MANNERS, 15th Baroness, who espoused William Cecil, 2nd Earl of Exeter.

Her ladyship died in 1591, and the barony was confirmed to her son and heir,

WILLIAM CECIL, 16th Baron (1590-1618). His lordship died, however, two years later, without male issue (his father, Lord Exeter, still living), when the barony reverted to his cousin,

FRANCIS MANNERS, 6th Earl of Rutland, as 17th Baron de Ros (1578-1632).

This nobleman had previously contested, as heir-general, and obtained on the same day as it was confirmed to his cousin, 1616, a patent, creating himself, and his heirs male, Baron Ros of Hamlak.

He died however, in 1632, without male issue, when the new barony expired, but the old one devolved upon his only daughter and heir,

KATHERINE, as 19th Baroness de Ros. This lady wedded George Villiers, 1st Duke of Buckingham, and was succeeded in the barony by her eldest son,

GEORGE, 2nd Duke of Buckingham and 20th Baron de Ros (1628-87); who died without male issue, when the barony fell into abeyance between the heirs of Bridget, wife of Sir Robert Tyrwhitt Bt, and Frances, wife of Willia, Lord Willoughby, sisters of Francis, 6th Earl of Rutland.

Thus continued the line until terminated in favour of the only daughter and heir of the Hon Robert Boyle Walsingham, youngest son of Henry, 1st Earl of Shannon,

CHARLOTTE FITZGERALD (1769-1831), wife of Lord Henry FitzGerald, fourth son of James, 1st Duke of Leinster, as 21ST BARONESS DE ROS.

Her ladyship had issue (by Lord Henry, who died in 1829), her eldest son,

HENRY WILLIAM, 22nd Baron.
The heir apparent is the present holder's son, the Hon Finbar James Maxwell (b 1988).
I have written a separate article about Peter Maxwell, 28th Baron de Ros.

First published in August, 2008; revised in 2014.    De Ros arms courtesy of European Heraldry.

Monday, 24 November 2014

Letter from Corralejo

At the moment I'm seated outside the little Italian café, Piazza Grande, in central Corralejo.

Instead of the usual coffee, viz. Leche Leche Largo, I'm enjoying a salubrious mixed smoothie fruit juice  drink.

Since last Wednesday we have endured heavy rain, local flooding, strong winds, and cooler temperatures.

Today, Monday, is calmer. The signs of the thunderstorm remain, however, with some large puddles.

The tennis court resembles a swimming pool!

I've encountered some interesting people during my time here; indeed I'm dining with two of them in two days' time at a Brazilian restaurant.

Tomorrow evening I look forward to a bite of dinner at a Danish establishment called The Ugly Duckling.

It has a limited menu which, to my mind, is good.

Sunday, 23 November 2014

Lohort Castle

The ancient and illustrious house of PERCEVAL is supposed, by many suggestive circumstances, to take its origin from a younger branch of the sovereign Dukes of Brittany in France; out of which province they were transplanted to Normandy before its conquest, and were invested with the hereditary office of Chief Butlers of that duchy.
GEOFFREY I, Duke of Brittany, had a younger son,

ODO or EUDES, Viscount of Porhoet, at length Duke of Brittany, who a little before the Conquest left issue, by his wife Agnes, among other sons, one named

ROBERT, presumed the same with Robert, Lord of Yvery, the first of his family that settled in England upon the Norman conquest.


DAVID PERCEVAL, Lord of Twickenham, Rolleston, Somerset,
lineally descended from  who accompanied Ascelin Gouel de Perceval, who accompanied THE CONQUEROR to England, married Alice, daughter of Thomas Bythemore of Overwere.
Dying in 1534, he left issue,
James, dsp 1548;
GEORGE, of whom presently;
The second son,

GEORGE PERCEVAL (1561-1601), Lord of Twickenham, wedded Elizabeth, daughter of Sir Edward Bamfylde, of Poltimore, in Devon; and dying about 1601, left, with a daughter Elizabeth, a son,

who, having been educated at distinguished institutions, and through the influence of the Lord Treasurer, Burghley, that nobleman employed him in the management of those state affairs which required the greatest trust and secrecy.
This gentleman filled several important offices and, dying in 1620, was succeeded by his younger son, 

SIR PHILIP PERCEVAL (1605-47), knight,
a very distinguished statesman, who, having been actively employed in the government of Ireland for a series of years, obtained grants of forfeited lands there to the extent of 101,000 acres. 
His eldest son,

SIR JOHN PERCEVAL, knight, was created a baronet in 1661, by patent, containing this remarkable clause, that,
the eldest son, or grandson, shall exist a baronet, after the age of 21 years, at the same time with the father or grandfather.
His great-grandson,

THE RT HON SIR JOHN PERCEVAL, who, after becoming a privy counsellor, and sitting for several years in the Irish House of Commons, was elevated to the peerage of that kingdom, by patent, in 1715, as Baron Perceval.

In 1722, his lordship was advanced to a viscountcy, as Viscount Perceval, of County Cork, with the annual fee of twenty marks, payable out of the Exchequer, attached, to support the honour.

In 1732, this nobleman obtained a charter to colonise the province of Georgia, in America, and being nominated president thereof; and was further advanced, to the dignity of an earldom, in 1733, as EARL OF EGMONT.

LOHORT CASTLE is near Cecilstown, County Cork.

This historic castle is an impressive five-storey fortified tower with rounded corners, standing over eighty feet tall. The massive walls are ten feet thick at the base, narrowing to six feet.

Around the top storey there is a machicolated parapet that runs unbroken apart for a short section on the eastern side. There used to be a deep moat around the castle with a drawbridge.

The castle grounds cover more than one hundred acres.

Lohort Castle was built ca 1496 by Donogh Og McDonagh McCarthy. The castle was taken by the Irish forces during the civil war.

One of the bloodiest battles of the English civil war took place in the grounds of Lohort Castle in 1647, when over 4,500 men were killed in battle.

Lohort was bombarded by Oliver Cromwell's troops in 1650 and captured, but the castle withstood the cannon fire due to the immense strength of its thick walls.


The castle as it now stands was rebuilt ca 1750 by Sir John Perceval, 1st Earl of Egmont, and the Percivals lived there until the 20th century, when it was burnt by the IRA in 1922.

Some of the fireplaces from nearby Kanturk Castle appear to have been relocated to Lohort Castle; this was probably done when Lohort Castle was restored in the 18th century.

Lohort subsequently became the home of Sir Timothy O'Brien Bt, a well-known cricketer.

First published in August, 2012.   Egmont arms courtesy of European Heraldry.

Saturday, 22 November 2014

Corralejo Sculptures

There are two sculptures at the old quay, Corralejo.

Corralejo, Fuerteventura, remains essentially a fishing town, though tourism must be its principal source of income now.

The maritime heritage is reflected in these sculptures, of families whose fathers, husbands, sons, or brothers, put to a cruel sea to earn a living.

It reminds us of the hope and despair; the relief and heartbreak of fishermen's families.

El Molino del Rey


GARRETT COLLEY-WELLESLEY, 2nd Baron Mornington, was born in 1735.

His lordship was further advanced, in 1760 to the dignities of Viscount Mornington and EARL OF MORNINGTON.

In 1759 he married Anne, daughter of Arthur Hill, Viscount Dungannon, of Belvoir Park, Newtownbreda, County Down.

Lady Mornington subsequently enjoyed the multiplied glories and well-earned honours of her children. They had issue,

1.  RICHARD, 2nd Earl of Mornington and 1st Marquess Wellesley.

2.  Arthur Gerald, died in childhood.

3.  WILLIAM, Baron Maryborough.

4.  ARTHUR, Duke of Wellington KG etc.

and five other offspring.

Hailed as the conquering hero by the nation, Wellesley was created Marquess Douro and Duke of Wellington, titles still held by his successors.

As Sir Arthur did not return to England until the Peninsular War was over, he was awarded all his patents of nobility in a unique ceremony lasting a full day.:
  •  Baron Douro, 1809
  • Viscount Wellington, 1809
  • Earl and Marquess of Wellington, 1812
  • Marquess Douro and Duke of Wellington, 1814
  • Count of Vimeiro in Portugal, 1811
  • Duke of Ciudad Rodrigo, Grandee of Spain 1st Class (Grandeza de España,) 1812
  • Duke of Vittoria and Marquess of Torres Vedras in Portugal, 1812
  • Prince of Waterloo in the Netherlands, 1815
Although the Great Duke spent nearly six years driving the French Army from Spain and removing Joseph Bonaparte from the Spanish throne, he had received little recognition in Spain.

History, as taught in Spanish schools, minimizes His Grace's contribution and those of the British and Portuguese soldiers that fought with him.

Sir Arthur received some recognition during his lifetime (the title of Duque de Ciudad Rodrigo) and the King of Spain, Ferdinand VII, allowed him to keep part of the works of art from the Royal Collection which he had recovered from the French.

Arthur Charles Valerian Wellesley, styled Marquess of Douro, OBE, is the 10th Duke of Ciudad Rodrigo and is also heir to the 8th and present Duke of Wellington.

In addition, as a mark of gratefulness for Sir Arthur's service during the War of Independence against the Napoleonic occupation, the Government of Spain donated in perpetuity a country estate which was built at the beginning of the 19th century called “Prince of La Paz”, Manuel Godoy.

The property, also called “the Tower”, occupies all the old Low Meadow of Íllora, a large estate called El Molino del Rey [the King's Mill] which extends to about 12,000 acres.

Although the 1st Duke never visited the Molino del Rey estate, outside Íllora, near the south-western city of Granada, it was passed down to his heirs and is now the property of the 8th and present Duke, a close friend of HM The Queen. 

The estate is more frequently used these days by Lord Douro, son and heir of the present Duke and a close friend of the Prince of Wales, who has stayed there a number of times.

The principal seat of the Dukes of Wellington is Stratfield Saye House in Hampshire, given to the 1st Duke by a grateful Nation; while their London home remains Apsley House in Piccadilly.

Wellington arms courtesy of European Heraldry.First published in March, 2011.

Friday, 21 November 2014

Piazza Grande

had a bite of supper at an agreeable little Italian bistro or café called Piazza Grande last night.

It's located at the children's playground in Plaza de Los Niños, Corralejo.

There was intended to be a live musician, though inclement weather called that off.

So I ambled inside, took a pew, and ordered a G&T

The menu is on a blackboard.

In the interim the bar staff placed a complimentary plate of garlic pizza slices beside me.

After some perusal I went for Granny's Raviolacci, three very large pieces of pasta with salty, though tasty, bits of bacon, or its Italian equivalent, atop.

The nosebag was quivering with anticipation, given that I had a hearty appetite on this occasion.

I overheard two other diners inquiring as to the name of the red house wine, so it must have been acceptable to them.

The bill, including two Beefeater gins and another basket of garlic bread, came to €21.

Thursday, 20 November 2014

Morning Constitutional

There have been thundery showers in Corralejo lately, I can declare! 

I find it agreeable to take a morning 'constitutional' down to the sea-front and past many of the small establishments bringing out their tables and chairs or their wares for sale.

En route for Belmont GHQ, I happened upon a small Italian café or bistro called Piazza Grande.

It's located at the town square.

They have several blackboards with the menu written in various languages.

Fresh pasta predominates; and prices are in the region of a mere €5 or €6.

Granny's cakes and Granny's ravioli with butter and Salvia (sage?) sounds tempting.

They have live musicians, too, dependant on the weather.

I think I'll try it this evening.