Monday, 23 October 2017

Cloyne Palace

THE bishopric of CLOYNE was established in the 6th century.

It was united to Cork for almost two hundred years.

This diocese lies entirely within County Cork, extending east and west nearly 63 miles in length, by a breadth of 29.


CLOYNE PALACE, County Cork, was built in 1718 for the Right Rev Charles Crow, Lord Bishop of Cloyne, 1702-26.

The last bishop to reside at the palace was the Right Rev Dr John Mortimer Brinkley, who died in 1835.

The see of Cloyne subsequently became united with that of Cork and Ross.


The see house is unusual in plan and elevation.

It underwent a number of alterations and additions over several hundred years, giving it today a unique appearance with a multiplicity of roofs.

The remarkable west elevation, used as the front, conceals a notable double-height single-storey space.

It retains many notable early features, including timber sliding sash windows.

There are outbuildings, gates, and a gate lodge, which provide added interest and context.

The palace and demesne were leased by the Church of Ireland, in 1836, to Mr H Allen.

First published in October, 2015.

Sunday, 22 October 2017

Freemen of Belfast: 1951-60

HONORARY BURGESSES OF THE CITY OF BELFAST
ELECTED AND ADMITTED BY THE COUNCIL OF THE CITY OF BELFAST UNDER THE MUNICIPAL PRIVILEGE (IRELAND) ACT, 1875


55  HRH Princess Alice, Duchess of Gloucester, Countess of Ulster ~ 1952

56  Rt Hon William Spencer Earl Granville, KG GCVO CB DSO ~ 1952

57  Rt Hon Rose Constance Countess Granville, GCVO ~ 1952

58  Royal Ulster Rifles ~ 1954

59  Sir James Henry Norritt JP DL ~ 1955

60  Mrs Margaret Lawson OBE ~ 1955

61  Rt Hon Sir Winston Leonard Spencer Churchill KG OM CH TD DL ~ 1955

62  Sir Cuthbert Lowell Ackroyd Bt JP DL ~ 1956

63  Lady Ackroyd ~ 1956

64  Royal Air Force Aldergrove ~ 1957

First published in August, 2012.

Saturday, 21 October 2017

1st Duke of Shrewsbury

DUKEDOM OF SHREWSBURY
1694-1718

Charles, Lord Talbot (1660-1718) succeeded his father as 12th Earl of Shrewsbury and 12th Earl of Waterford in 1667.

In 1681, his lordship was constituted Lord-Lieutenant of Staffordshire; and he renounced the tenets of the Church of Rome at the time when prosecutions were in such vigorous progress under the auspices of the immaculate OATES against the unhappy persons charged with the fictitious popish plot.

At the coronation of JAMES II, Lord Shrewsbury wore the Curtana or pointless sword; and the same year he was appointed Colonel of the 6th Regiment of Horse; but disgusted with the proceedings of the Court, he resigned soon after his military rank and went over to the Prince of Orange, to whom he tendered his purse and sword.

Burnett states that Lord Shrewsbury was one of the noblemen in whom the Prince placed the most confidence, and upon whose counsel he was on all occasions principally guided.

Thus promoting the Revolution, when that measure was accomplished by WILLIAM & MARY to the throne, his lordship was immediately sworn of the Privy Council and appointed Principal Secretary of State.

In March, 1694, he was appointed a Knight of the Garter; and the next month, created Marquess of Alton and DUKE OF SHREWSBURY.

In 1695 and 1697, His Grace was one of the Lords Justices during the temporary absences of the King; and in 1699 he resigned the seals as Secretary of State, but was constituted soon after Lord Chamberlain, an office which he subsequently held in the reign of QUEEN ANNE; and was afterwards appointed by Her Majesty LORD LIEUTENANT OF IRELAND.

Upon the accession of GEORGE I, the 1st Duke was appointed Groom of the Stole, Privy Purse, and sworn a member of the new Privy Council.

He was subsequently declared Lord Chamberlain of His Majesty's household, while the Duchess was appointed one of the Ladies of the Bedchamber to Caroline, Princess of Wales.

His Grace married Adelhida, daughter of the Marquis Paleotti, in Italy, descended maternally from Sir Robert Dudley, son of Robert Dudley, Earl of Leicester, the celebrated favourite of ELIZABETH I, but died without issue in 1718, when the honours he had inherited passed to the heir-at-law, and the marquessate of Alton, dukedom of Shrewsbury, etc expired.

Shrewsbury arms courtesy of European Heraldry.

Friday, 20 October 2017

Prince Charles in NI

THE PRINCE OF WALES is today visiting County Londonderry.

His Royal Highness is visiting Eglinton Community Centre and YMCA Londonderry to meet local residents, farmers and business owners affected by the flooding in August, and speak to volunteers, emergency services and officials assisting with clean-up efforts.

At Eglinton Community Centre HRH will meet local residents, some of whom remain in temporary housing, and the volunteers helping them to rebuild their homes.

Prince Charles will also speak with representatives from the emergency services, including local Police and Northern Ireland Fire and Rescue Service, and officials who continue to work on repairing the damage caused by the flooding.

The Eglinton Community Centre served as a place of refuge for those displaced by flooding and a coordination point for volunteers in the immediate aftermath of the storm.


HRH will then visit YMCA Londonderry, near Drumahoe, where he will meet representatives from the local farming community.

The Prince's Countryside Fund has partnered with Rural Support NI to offer Emergency Fund support to farm businesses in the area to assist with long-term recovery.

His Royal Highness will also speak with members of a multi-agency group who were also on standby for Storm Ophelia which struck Northern Ireland earlier this week.

The YMCA provides a valuable after-school programme and has a long tradition of offering team-based sports and fostering good community relations.

The Prince of Wales will view the YMCA's sports pitch, which was heavily damaged during the August flooding, and learn about the effect its loss has had on the local community.

Old Belfast Castle

Belfast Castle ca 1611

When Sir Arthur Chichester, the younger son of Sir John Chichester, was granted a patent by JAMES I, dated the 8th November, 1603,
"the Castle of Bealfaste, or Belfast, with the Appurtenants and Hereditaments, Spiritual and Temporal, situate in the Lower Clandeboye"
he did not fully realize the value of the property thereby granted.

Chichester was appointed Lord Deputy of Ireland in the following year, at a salary of £1,000 per annum, together with £500 for an outfit and some fees attaching to his office.

But on the death of the preceding Lord Deputy, Charles Blount, 5th Baron Mountjoy and Earl of Devonshire, Sir Arthur wrote to Robert Cecil, 1st Earl of Salisbury, 25th April, 1606, asking to be transferred to
"some meaner office" giving as his reason that his "fortunes are poor, not having a foot of land or inheritance, but such as his Majesty gave him in the North, of which he makes small benefit, and his expenses last year greatly exceeded his income."
Even three years after he had become the proprietor of the lands upon which that part of the City of Belfast, situated in County Antrim, now stands, he apparently failed to realise the potential value of his acquisitions.

High Street, Belfast, in the 17th century

In the development of that property, however, he was retarded by the onerous and exacting duties attaching to his high office, and it was not until after 1610 that the project of building a new castle upon "the ruynes of the decayed Castle" was carried to completion.

The report, undated, but supposed to be about 1611, bears the following signatures:
  • Sir Arthur Chichester, Lord Deputy, Baron Chichester 
  • George Carew, Earl of Totnes, Baron Carew 
  • Thomas Ridgeway, Earl of Londonderry 
  • Sir Richard Wingfield, Viscount Powerscourt 
  • Sir Oliver Lambart, Baron Lambart of Cavan
"We came to Belfast where we found many masons, bricklayers, and other labourers working, who had taken down the ruins of the decayed Castle there almost to the vault of the cellars, and had likewise laid the foundation of a brick house 50 foot long which is to be adjoined to the said Castle by no staircase of brick well [sic] is to be 14 foot square.

The house to be made 20 foot wide, and 2 storeys and a half high.

The Castle is to be built two storeys above the cellars, all the rooms thereof to be vaulted, and platforms to be made thereupon.

The staircase is to be made 10 foot higher than the Castle, about which Castle and house there is a strong bawn almost finished which is flanked with four half bulwarks.

The foundation of the wall and bulwarks to the height of the water-table is made with stone, and the rest, being in all 12 foot high above the ground, is made with brick, the bawn is to be composed about with a large and deep ditch or moat which will always stand full of water.

The Castle will defend the passage over the ford at Belfast between the upper and lower Clandeboye, and likewise the bridge over the River of Owenvarra between Malone and Belfast.

This work is in so good forward [sic] that it is like to be finished by the middle of the next summer.

The town of Belfast is plotted out in a good form, wherein are many families of English, Scottish, and some Manxmen already inhabiting, of which some are artificers who have built good timber houses with chimneys after the fashion of the English pale, and one inn with very good lodgings which is a great comfort to the travellers in those parts.

Near which town the said Sir Arthur Chichester has already made above twelve hundred thousand of good bricks, whereof after finishing the said Castle, house, and bawn, there will be a good proportion left for the building of other tenements within the said Town."

First published in July, 2012.   Source: Eddie's Book Extracts.

Thursday, 19 October 2017

The Emerson-Tennent Baronetcy

THE EMERSON-TENNENT BARONETCY WAS CREATED IN 1867 FOR THE POLITICIAN AND TRAVELLER JAMES EMERSON-TENNENT

The family of EMERSON came originally from Foxton, County Durham.

GEORGE EMERSON, of Ardmore, County Armagh, was succeeded by his son,

WILLIAM EMERSON, a merchant at Belfast, who married Sarah, youngest daughter of William Arbuthnot, of Rockville, County Down, and had issue,
JAMES, his heir;
George;
Arbuthnot;
Eliza.
Mr Emerson was succeeded by his eldest son,

JAMES EMERSON JP DL (1804-69), MP for Belfast, 1832-45, who wedded, in 1831, Letitia, only daughter of William Tennent, of Belfast, and had issue,
WILLIAM, his successor;
Eleanor Edith Sarah.
Mr Emerson assumed, upon his marriage, the additional surname of TENNENT.

Sir James Emerson-Tennent Bt. photo credit: Belfast City Hall 

He received the honour of Knighthood in 1845.

Sir James was created a baronet in 1867, denominated of Tempo Manor, County Fermanagh.

He was succeeded by his son,

SIR WILLIAM EMERSON-TENNENT (1835-76), who married and had issue, two daughters,
ETHEL SARAH;
Edith Letitia Anna (1876-1953).
The elder daughter,

ETHEL SARAH EMERSON-TENNENT (1871-1951), of Tempo Manor, married, in 1893, Sir Herbert Charles Arthur Langham, 13th Baronet, and had issue,

SIR JOHN CHARLES PATRICK LANGHAM, 14th Baronet (1894-1972), JP, DL, who wedded, in 1930, Rosamond Christabel, daughter of Arthur Rashleigh, and had issue,

SIR JAMES MICHAEL LANGHAM, 15th Baronet (1932-2002), TD, of Tempo Manor, who married, in 1959, Marion Ellen Audrey, daughter of Oswald Horner Barratt, and had issue,
JOHN STEPHEN, his successor;
Rupert William;
Lucinda Jane.
Sir James was succeeded by his elder son,

SIR JOHN STEPHEN LANGHAM, 16th Baronet (1960-), of Tempo Manor, who wedded, in 1991, Sarah Jane, daughter of John Denis Greene, and has issue,
TYRONE DENIS JAMES, b 1994;
Phoebe Tara, b 1999;
Isabella Hay, b 2000.
THE family of TENNENT, originally Danand or Tenand, was of respectability in Scotland, and the principal branch resided at Glasgow.

WILLIAM TENNENT (1759-1832), of Tempo House, County Fermanagh, formerly a banker at Belfast, died leaving an only daughter and heiress,

LETITIA TENNENT, who had married, as already stated, SIR JAMES EMERSON-TENNENT.

The Emerson Tennent Papers are held at the Public Record Office of Northern Ireland.

Former seats ~ Francfort, County Sligo; Tempo Manor, County Fermanagh.

Former town residence ~ 25 Duke Street, Westminster.

First published in October, 2010.

Langford Lodge

THE PAKENHAMS WERE MAJOR LANDOWNERS IN COUNTY ANTRIM, WITH 14,629 ACRES

LIEUTENANT-GENERAL THOMAS HENRY PAKENHAM CB JP DL MP (1826-1913), of Langford Lodge, County Antrim, only surviving son of Lieutenant-General the Hon Sir Hercules Robert Pakenham KCB, by his wife, Emily (daughter of Thomas, Lord le Despencer), married, in 1862, Elizabeth Staples, eldest daughter of William Clarke, of New York, USA, and had issue,
HERCULES ARTHUR, his heir;
Harry Francis.
The elder son,

COLONEL HERCULES ARTHUR PAKENHAM CMG JP DL (1863-1937), of Langford Lodge, wedded, in 1895, Lillian Blanche Georgiana, daughter of Evelyn Ashley and sister of Lord Mount Temple, and had issue,
HERCULES DERMOT WILFRED, his heir;
Joan Esther Sybilla; Beatrix Helen Constance.
The only son,

MAJOR HERCULES DERMOT WILFRED PAKENHAM (1901-40, killed in action), espoused, in 1927, Hetty Margaret, daughter of Captain Roland Stuart Hebeler, and had issue,
HERCULES MICHAEL ROLAND, his heir;
Anne Penelope; Katherine Susan.
The only son,

HERCULES MICHAEL ROLAND PAKENHAM (1935-), is married with issue and lives in Hampshire.


LANGFORD LODGE, near Crumlin, County Antrim, was a three-storey Georgian house of ca 1821 on a headland jutting out into Lough Neagh.

The house had an entrance front of three bays between two deep, curved bows, a Doric portico and a two-storey side wing.

The end elevation was of two bays with another deep, curved bow.

The Georgian mansion replaced a two-storey house of 1785 (said to be similar in appearance to Castle Upton) built by Sir Hercules Pakenham (1781-1850).

Sir Hercules had demolished a modest two-room fishing lodge of 1785.


The Lodge passed to the Pakenham family, Barons Longford and later Earls of Longford, through the marriage of Catherine, Viscountess Langford, to the 2nd Baron Longford.
The offspring of this marriage included the Hon Catherine "Kitty" Pakenham, later Duchess of Wellington and wife of the great Duke of Wellington; Major-General the Hon Sir Edward Pakenham GCB; and Lieutenant-General the Hon Sir Hercules Pakenham KCB, from whom were descended the subsequent owners of Langford Lodge.
Sir Hercules (1781-1850), of Langford Lodge, had been wounded at the siege of Badajoz in 1812; was MP for Westmeath.

He married, in 1817, the Hon Emily Stapleton (1798-1875), daughter of Lord Le Despencer. 

Langford Lodge subsequently passed to their eldest son, Edward William Pakenham, who died at the battle of Inkerman in 1854.

The estate subsequently passed to the Rev Arthur Hercules Pakenham (son of Lt-Gen the Hon Sir Hercules Robert Pakenham), who died unmarried in 1895, when the estate  passed to Colonel Hercules Arthur Pakenham, CMG, who died in 1937.

Glenavy History Society has published a very interesting article about Langford Lodge and the Pakenhams.


WHEN Chichester was governor of Carrickfergus three of his officers were Hugh Clotworthy, Henry Upton and Roger Langford.

These men were rewarded for their services by receiving Crown grants of choice lands once belonging to the O'Neills.

Clotworthy acquired Massereene; Upton, Templepatrick; and Langford sited his residence on a slight peninsula projecting into Lough Neagh, which he called Langford Lodge.

Later on, the Langford and Longford (Pakenham) families were united.

Langford Lodge later served as NI Base Command for US troops in the second world war.

The present Gartree parish church, which was once the private chapel of the Pakenhams, was built in the 1830s by Lieutenant-General Sir Hercules Pakenham.

His elder brother, General Edward Pakenham, was commander of the defeated British Army at New Orleans.

The last of his family to die in war was Major Hercules Dermot Pakenham, who died from wounds received at Dunkirk.

The Pakenhams sold the estate to the Air Ministry in 1940, when the airfield was opened.

In 1959, the estate was bought by the Martin Baker Aircraft Company and Territorial Army Sappers blew up the mansion house.

Former town residence ~ 19 Hertford Street, London.

First published in April, 2010.