Friday, 22 October 2021

Owden of Brooklands

JOHN OWDEN (1764-1811), of Talbot House, Cuckfield, and Brighton, Sussex (son of Richard Owden, Royal Navy, of London), married, in 1796, Anne, daughter of Thomas Scambler, of London (lineal descendant of the Rt Rev Dr Edmund Scambler, Lord Bishop of Peterborough).

His son,

JOHN OWDEN (1799-1867), of Brooklands, Belfast, and SEA PARK, near Carrickfergus, County Antrim, wedded Jane, daughter of John Greer, of Bernagh, County Tyrone, by Margaret his wife, daughter of Thomas Sinton, of Moyallon, County Down.

His only child,

MARGARET OWDEN (1842-1917), of Brooklands, wedded, in 1864, Thomas Greer JP, of Sea Park, near Carrickfergus, and Grove House, Regent's Park, London, High Sheriff of Carrickfergus, 1870, County Tyrone, 1876, MP for Carrickfergus, 1880-85 (and last representative at Westminster for that ancient borough), and had issue,
Thomas MacGregor (1869-1941); sold Sea Park & leased Tullylagan from his cousin Frederick;
Helena MacGregor (1865-1948);
Georgina Beatrice (1872-1956);
Eva Mildred (1874-1951).

BROOKLANDS, Belfast, was a stuccoed Neo-Classical Georgian house of two storeys, built ca 1840 by John Owden on the site of an old farm.

It had a three-bay front, prolonged at one end by a two-bay single-storey wing, and a five-bay side; with a pilastered porch and a single-storey, partly-bowed projection on the side elevation.

The roof was eaved on a bracket cornice.

The original farm fronted the present Malone Road, though it was broken up by the new Lisburn Road in 1819.

The new railway line severed the estate twenty years later.

Click to Enlarge

It was located where Brookland Street is today, between Adelaide Park and Cadogan Park.


GROVE HOUSE, Regent's Park, London (initially called Grove Lodge) was designed by Decimus Burton and built in 1823-24 for George Bellas Greenough (the first president of the Geological Society and President of the Royal Geographical Society 1830-40), who had obtained a building lease from the Crown Estate.

On the death of Greenough in 1855, Grove House passed to Francis Smedley (High Bailiff of Westminster) and then to his son the author Francis Edward (Frank) Smedley.

Following his death Mrs Smedley continued to occupy the house until 1877.

The family connection was maintained by Thomas Greer who occupied the house from Christmas 1878 until death in 1905.

When the Greer family returned to Ulster in 1907, Grove House was purchased at auction by the artist Sigismund Goetze.

First published in October, 2013.

Thursday, 21 October 2021

Langford Lodge

Armorial Bearings of the Barons Longford

EDWARD WILLIAM PAKENHAM (1819-54), of Langford Lodge, County Antrim, Lieutenant-Colonel, Grenadier Guards, eldest son of Lieutenant-General the Hon Sir Hercules Robert Pakenham KCB and Emily, daughter of Thomas, 12th Baron Le Despenser, was killed in action at the battle of Inkerman.

Lt-Col Edward William Pakenham (Image: Hampshire County Council)

His only surviving brother,

(1826-1913), of Langford Lodge, married, in 1862, Elizabeth Staples, eldest daughter of William Clarke, of New York, USA, and had issue,
Harry Francis.
The elder son,

COLONEL HERCULES ARTHUR PAKENHAM CMG JP DL (1863-1937), of Langford Lodge, High Sheriff of County Antrim, 1906, wedded, in 1895, Lillian Blanche Georgiana, daughter of Evelyn Ashley and sister of Lord Mount Temple, and had issue,
Joan Esther Sybilla; Beatrix Helen Constance.
His only son,

HERCULES DERMOT WILFRED PAKENHAM (1901-40), Major, Grenadier Guards, killed in action, espoused, in 1927, Hetty Margaret, daughter of Captain Roland Stuart Hebeler, and had issue,
Anne Penelope; Katherine Susan.
Major Pakenham's only son,

HERCULES MICHAEL ROLAND PAKENHAM (1935-), of Southampton, Hampshire, married firstly, in 1957, Susan Elizabeth Moon, daughter of Philip, 3rd Viscount Leverhulme, and has issue,
DERMOT PHILIP MICHAEL (b 1961);Caroline Susan Margaret.
He wedded secondly, in 1973, Margaret, daughter of Charles William Fisher, and has further issue,
Hetty Kate Pakenham.

LANGFORD LODGE, near Crumlin, County Antrim, was a three-storey Georgian house of ca 1821 on a headland jutting out into Lough Neagh.

The house had an entrance front of three bays between two deep, curved bows, a Doric portico and a two-storey side wing.

The end elevation was of two bays with another deep, curved bow.

The Georgian mansion replaced a two-storey house of 1785 (said to be similar in appearance to Castle Upton) built by Sir Hercules Pakenham (1781-1850).

Sir Hercules had demolished a modest two-room fishing lodge of 1785.

The Lodge passed to the Pakenham family, Barons Longford and Earls of Longford, through the marriage of Catherine, Viscountess Langford, to the 2nd Baron Longford.
The offspring of this marriage included the Hon Catherine "Kitty" Pakenham, later Duchess of Wellington and wife of the great Duke of Wellington; Major-General the Hon Sir Edward Pakenham GCB; and Lieutenant-General the Hon Sir Hercules Pakenham KCB, from whom were descended the subsequent owners of Langford Lodge.
Sir Hercules (1781-1850), of Langford Lodge, had been wounded at the siege of Badajoz in 1812; was MP for Westmeath.

He married, in 1817, the Hon Emily Stapleton (1798-1875), daughter of Lord Le Despencer. 

Langford Lodge subsequently passed to their eldest son, Edward William Pakenham, who died at the battle of Inkerman in 1854.

The estate subsequently passed to the Rev Arthur Hercules Pakenham (son of Lt-Gen the Hon Sir Hercules Robert Pakenham), who died unmarried in 1895, when the estate  passed to Colonel Hercules Arthur Pakenham, CMG, who died in 1937.

Glenavy History Society has published an article about Langford Lodge and the Pakenhams.

WHEN Chichester was governor of Carrickfergus three of his officers were Hugh Clotworthy, Henry Upton and Roger Langford.

These men were rewarded for their services by receiving Crown grants of choice lands once belonging to the O'Neills.

Clotworthy acquired Massereene; Upton, Templepatrick; and Langford sited his residence on a slight peninsula projecting into Lough Neagh, which he called Langford Lodge.

Later on, the Langford and Longford (Pakenham) families were united.

Langford Lodge later served as NI Base Command for US troops in the second world war.

The present Gartree parish church, which was once the private chapel of the Pakenhams, was built in the 1830s by Lieutenant-General Sir Hercules Pakenham.

His elder brother, General Edward Pakenham, was commander of the defeated British Army at New Orleans.

The last of his family to die in war was Major Hercules Dermot Pakenham, who died from wounds received at Dunkirk.

The Pakenhams sold the estate to the Air Ministry in 1940, when the airfield was opened.

In 1959, the estate was bought by the Martin Baker Aircraft Company and Territorial Army Sappers blew up the mansion house.

Former London residence ~ 19 Hertford Street.

First published in April, 2010. 

Wednesday, 20 October 2021

1st Earl of Ardglass

THOMAS CROMWELLBaron Cromwell, of Wimbledon, thus created, in 1536, by HENRY VIII.

Being descended from the Bourchiers, he was also created EARL OF ESSEX (sixth creation), Knight of the Garter, and His Majesty's Vice-Regent.

After his lordship had served his royal master faithfully, and to the utmost, the King caused him to be beheaded, to satisfy Bishop Gardiner and the Duke of Norfolk.

But in the same year, 1540, the attainder being reversed,

GREGORY CROMWELL (c1514-51), the son of Thomas, was created BARON CROMWELL, of Oakham, Rutland.

He married Elizabeth, daughter of Sir John Seymour, and sister of Edward, Duke of Somerset, and widow of Sir Anthony Oughtred, and had issue,
HENRY, his successor;
Catherine; Frances.
His lordship was succeeded by his eldest son,

HENRY, 2nd Baron (1538-92), summoned to Parliament in the reign of ELIZABETH I, who wedded the Lady Mary Paulet, daughter of John, Marquess of Winchester, and had issue,
EDWARD, his successor;
Gregory (Sir);
His lordship was succeeded by his elder son,

EDWARD, 3rd Baron (1559-1607), who espoused firstly, ca 1580, Elizabeth, daughter of William Upton, of Puslinch, Devon, and had issue, an only daughter, ELIZABETH.

He wedded secondly, ca 1593, Frances, daughter of William Rugge, of Felmingham, Norfolk, and had further issue,
THOMAS, his successor;
Frances; Anne.
His lordship was with the Earl of Essex in his expedition at sea against the Spaniards, and joined in the insurrection three years afterwards, which cost Lord Essex his head.

The 3rd Baron received, however, an especial pardon in 1601. 
Lord Cromwell, having alienated his estates in England by sale, purchased the barony of Lecale in County Down from Charles Blount, 8th Baron Mountjoy, or "made an exchange thereof".
His lordship settled at Lecale, 1605, after creditors had seized his Leicestershire manors. 
He was granted lands which had been possessed by a local Irish chieftain, Phelim McCartan, on condition that he educated and provided for McCartan's son in his household.
The King also appointed him Governor of Lecale, with the power to exercise martial law.
He was succeeded by his only son,

THOMAS, 4th Baron (1594-1653), who married Elizabeth, daughter and heiress of Robert Meverell, of Throwleigh, Staffordshire, and had issue,
WINGFIELD, his heir;
VERE ESSEX, 4th Earl;
His lordship was created by CHARLES I, in 1624, Viscount Lecale; and advanced to the dignity of an earldom, in 1645, as EARL OF ARDGLASS.
Lord Ardglass remained firmly attached to the interests of the King during the civil wars, notwithstanding his friendship with Robert Devereux, 3rd Earl of Essex

Ardglass was an important town during the middle ages, which would explain Cromwell's choice of title.

The 1st Earl was commander of the Regiment of Horse in Ireland for CHARLES I during the Civil War; and subsequently made his peace with Parliament, paying £460 for his "delinquency".
1st Earl of Ardglass

The 1st Earl married Elizabeth, daughter and heiress of Robert Meverell, of Throwleigh, Staffordshire, and had issue,
WINGFIELD, his heir;
VERE ESSEX, 4th Earl;
His lordship was succeeded by his eldest son, 

WINGFIELD, 2nd Earl (1622-68), who wedded Mary, daughter of Sir William Russell, 1st Baronet, and had issue, an only child,

THOMAS, 3rd Earl (1653-82), who married Honoria, daughter of the Most Rev Dr Michael Boyle, Lord Archbishop of Dublin and Lord Chancellor of Ireland; but dying childless, 1682, the honours reverted to his uncle,

VERE ESSEX, 4th Earl (1623-87), PC, second son of the 1st Earl, who espoused, in 1672, Catherine, daughter of James Hamilton, of Newcastle, County Down.

His lordship died without male issue, when the titles expired except the barony of CROMWELL, originating in the writ of 1539, which devolved upon his daughter,

THE LADY ELIZABETH CROMWELL (1672-1709), as BARONESS CROMWELL suo jure, in which rank her ladyship assisted at the funeral of MARY II, and at the coronation of QUEEN ANNE.

Her ladyship wedded the Rt Hon Edward Southwell MP, Principal Secretary of State for Ireland, and had issue, two sons and a daughter, who all died sine prole; and another son, Edward, who, marrying the Hon Katherine Watson, daughter of Edward, Viscount Sondes, and sole heiress of her brothers, Lewis and Thomas, Earls of Rockingham, left a son,

EDWARD SOUTHWELL, 20TH BARON DE CLIFFORD, who, in right of his mother, succeeded to the barony of DE CLIFFORD.

Her ladyship died in 1709, and the barony of CROMWELL is now supposed to be vested in Lord de Clifford.
Dundrum Castle was held by the 1st Earl between 1605-36.
The Earls of Ardglass were landlords of most of the barony of Lecale.

The lands of Lecale were held, prior to the Reformation, either by the great religious corporations in Downpatrick or by the descendants of the early English colonists.

The Church lands, having become vested in the Crown, were leased to the Earl of Kildare and, after the expiration of that lease, came into the possession of the Cromwells, Earls of Ardglass.

They still form the Downpatrick estate, except large portions of them that have been sold or leased by the Cromwells or their descendants.

The estates held by the descendants of the early English colonists were almost all confiscated under the Act of Settlement, after the termination of the civil wars of 1641.

The 3rd Baron Cromwell and the 4th Earl of Ardglass are both interred at Down Cathedral, Downpatrick, County Down. 

First published in July, 2010.   Ardglass arms courtesy of European Heraldry.

Ormeau House

ORMEAU HOUSE, County Down, was a very large Georgian mansion of 1823, replacing Ormeau Cottage, a thatched country villa.
Ormeau Cottage had been occupied until 1803 by Lord Dungannon's agent and family (The Dungannons were seated at Belvoir Park, Newtownbreda, County Down).
The new mansion-house was designed in the Tudor-Revival style by William Vetruvius Morrison for the 2nd Marquess of Donegall, who had moved to Ormeau with his family ca 1807.

It had numerous gables; a lofty polygonal turret with a cupola at one corner; a smaller turret with a pyramidal roof at the rear of the house.

Photo Credit: Ulster Hall

Ormeau was probably the biggest private residence in Belfast, comprising some 20,000 square feet.

The floor area doubled that.
Ormeau, meaning young elm tree in French, was outside the city in a rural setting. It was separated from Belfast by the river Lagan.
It boasted a spacious entrance-hall; a long gallery; and a banqueting-hall.

There were said to be at least one dozen principal bedrooms.

Dozens of servants were required to maintain the household and grounds.

THE PARK comprised about two hundred acres.

Hay Park, the home farm, was opposite the main entrance gates on what is now the Ormeau Road.

There were two gate lodges: One was beside the Ormeau Bridge; the other at the Long Bridge.

The 2nd Marquess died at Ormeau House in 1844, leaving his son huge debts amounting to some £400,000 (£43 million in today's money).

Ormeau Park was abandoned ca 1862 by the 3rd Marquess in favour of the newly-built Belfast Castle.

The 3rd Marquess, with his son-in-law and daughter (afterwards 8th Earl and Countess of Shaftesbury), moved to Belfast Castle, a large Scottish-Baronial mansion which he had built at the opposite side of the city.

Ormeau Embankment (Image: Ebay)

In 1869, Ormeau Park was acquired by Belfast Town Council from the Donegall family.

Ormeau House was subsequently demolished.

Ormeau Park remains the largest and oldest of Belfast's municipal parks and now extends to 137 acres.

First published in November, 2013. 

Tuesday, 19 October 2021

Shaen Manor


THOMAS CARTER (c1650-1726), of Robertstown, County Meath, Sergeant-at-Arms, a gentleman whose services at the Revolution were very considerable, for he not only served WILLIAM III at the battle of the Boyne, but secured divers useful books and writings belonging to JAMES II and his secretaries when they were fleeing from the scene of the battle.

Mr Carter married firstly, Margaret Houghton, and had issue,
Mary; Joanna.
He wedded secondly, in 1706, Isabella, daughter of Matthew, second son of Sir Matthew Boynton Bt, of Barmeston, Yorkshire, and widow of Wentworth, 4th Earl of Roscommon (the poet), but had no further issue.

His son and heir,

THE RT HON THOMAS CARTER (1690-1763), Master of the Rolls, Secretary of State, Privy Counsellor, 1732, of Robertstown and Rathnally, County Meath, espoused, in 1719, Mary, daughter and co-heiress (with her sister Frances) of Thomas Claxton, of Dublin, and had issue,
THOMAS, MP, of Old Leighlin;
HENRY BOYLE, of whom presently;
Frances; Susan; Mary.
The second son,

HENRY BOYLE CARTER, of Castlemartin, County Kildare, Captain, Colonel Irwin's Regiment, married, in 1750, Susanna, daughter and co-heiress of Sir Arthur Shaen Bt, of Kilmore, County Roscommon, and had issue,
THOMAS, his heir;
The eldest son,

THOMAS CARTER (1753-), of Castlemartin, wedded, in 1783, Catherine, daughter of the Hon John Butler (brother of Humphrey, 1st Earl of Lanesborough), and had issue,
WILLIAM HENRY, his heir;
John, Admiral RN;
The eldest son,

WILLIAM HENRY CARTER JP DL (1783-1859), of Castlemartin, County Kildare, High Sheriff of County Kildare, 1817, married firstly, in 1809, Elizabeth, third daughter of Francis Brooke, and sister of Sir Henry Brooke Bt, of Colebrooke, County Fermanagh, and had issue,
THOMAS SHAEN, his heir;
He espoused secondly, in 1846, Frances, sister of Robert, 5th Earl of Mayo, but by her, who predeceased him, had no issue.

The only son,

THOMAS SHAEN-CARTER JP (1813-75), of Watlington Park, Oxfordshire, married, in 1842, Maria Susan, only surviving child and heiress of Colonel John Henry Tilson, of Watlington Park (descended from the Rt Rev Henry Tilson, Lord Bishop of Elphin), and had issue,
HENRY TILSON SHAEN, of Watlington Park;
Thomas Tilson Shaen;
Francis Tilson Shaen;
Ernest Tilson Shaen;
Basil Tilson Shaen (Rev), Rector of Watlington;
Gerald Tilson Shaen;
Lionel Tilson Shaen;
Augusta Susanna Shaen; Elizabeth Sophia Shaen.
Mr Shaen-Carter was succeeded by his eldest son,

HENRY TILSON SHAEN-CARTER (1846-82), of Watlington Park, who wedded, in 1867, Adelaide Elizabeth, eldest daughter of Denis Bingham JP, of Bingham Castle, County Mayo.

He dsp 1882, and was succeeded by his brother,

GEORGE TILSON SHAEN-CARTER JP (1848-1918), of Shaen Manor, Belmullet, County Mayo, who married firstly, in 1878, Eva Augusta, daughter of William John French, of Ardsallagh, County Meath, and had issue,
Ernest de Freyne Tilson Shaen;
Muriel Una Shaen.
He wedded secondly, in 1894, Grace (dsp 1908), eldest daughter of the Rev David Hughes; and thirdly, Edith Hamilton Urry.

His eldest son,

VICTOR ARTHUR TILSON SHAEN-CARTER JP (1879-1954), of Shaen Manor, and Fleet End, Berkshire, married, in 1909, Wilfreda Christine, daughter of Richard Davis; High Sheriff of County Mayo, 1922.

His only son,

GEOFFREY VICTOR TILSON SHAEN-CARTER, of Shaen Lodge, County Mayo, married firstly, in 1946, Monica Howard, daughter of Brigadier Bertie Howard Penn; and secondly, in 1968, Peggy Ismay Voake.

The Carter family of Castlemartin, County Kildare, inherited half the Shaen lands in the barony of Erris, county Mayo, through marriage with a Shaen heiress in 1750.

In the mid 1820s they founded the town of Belmullet and developed it with the assistance of John Crampton, their agent, and the engineer Patrick Knight.

Former town residence ~ 44 Tilsbury Road, Hove, Sussex.

Unfortunately I have so far been unable to find any history or images of Shaen Manor or Lodge.

The principal residence of the Carters for several generations was Castlemartin in County Kildare.

First published in March, 2012.

The Emerson-Tennent Baronetcy

The family of EMERSON came originally from Foxton, County Durham.

GEORGE EMERSON, of Ardmore, County Armagh, was father of

WILLIAM EMERSON (1771-1821), a merchant of Belfast, who married Sarah, youngest daughter of William Arbuthnot, of Rockville, County Down, and had issue,
JAMES, his heir;
Mr Emerson was succeeded by his eldest son,

JAMES EMERSON JP DL (1804-69), MP for Belfast, 1832-45, who wedded, in 1831, Letitia, only daughter of William Tennent, of Belfast, and had issue,
WILLIAM, his successor;
Eleanor Edith Sarah.
Mr Emerson assumed, upon his marriage, the additional surname of TENNENT.

Sir James Emerson-Tennent, 1st Baronet (Image: Belfast City Hall)

He received the honour of Knighthood in 1845.

Sir James was created a baronet in 1867, designated of Tempo Manor, County Fermanagh.

He was succeeded by his son,

SIR WILLIAM EMERSON-TENNENT, 2nd Baronet (1835-76), who married and had issue, two daughters,
Edith Letitia Anna (1876-1953).
The elder daughter,

MISS ETHEL SARAH EMERSON-TENNENT (1871-1951), of TEMPO MANOR, married, in 1893, Sir Herbert Charles Arthur Langham, 13th Baronet, and had issue,

SIR JOHN CHARLES PATRICK LANGHAM, 14th Baronet (1894-1972), JP DL, who wedded, in 1930, Rosamond Christabel, daughter of Arthur Rashleigh, and had issue,

SIR JAMES MICHAEL LANGHAM, 15th Baronet (1932-2002), TD, of Tempo Manor, who married, in 1959, Marion Ellen Audrey, daughter of Oswald Horner Barratt, and had issue,
JOHN STEPHEN, his successor;
Rupert William;
Lucinda Jane.
Sir James was succeeded by his elder son,

SIR JOHN STEPHEN LANGHAM, 16th Baronet (1960-), of Tempo Manor, who wedded, in 1991, Sarah Jane, daughter of John Denis Greene, and has issue,
Phoebe Tara, b 1999;
Isabella Hay, b 2000.

THE family of TENNENT, originally Danand or Tenand, was of respectability in Scotland, and the principal branch resided at Glasgow.

William Tennent (Image: Ulster Museum)

WILLIAM TENNENT or TENNANT (1760-1832), of Tempo House, County Fermanagh, formerly a banker in Belfast, died leaving an only daughter and heiress,

LETITIA TENNENT (c1806-83), who espoused the aforesaid SIR JAMES EMERSON-TENNENT.

The Emerson Tennent Papers are held at the Public Record Office of Northern Ireland.

Former seats ~ Francfort, County Sligo; Tempo Manor, County Fermanagh.

Former London residence ~ 25 Duke Street, Westminster.

First published in October, 2010.

Monday, 18 October 2021

Robin Bryans, 1928-2005

Some time ago I recommended an anecdotal travel book to readers by an author called Robin Bryans.

The book is entitled Ulster: A Journey Through The Six Counties.

Merely by chance, a regular reader has drawn my attention to the fact that Mr Bryans has a website dedicated to him.

Robin Bryans was born in 1928, just off the Newtownards Road in east Belfast, his family moving shortly afterwards to Donegall Avenue in the city.

Before becoming a professional writer, he had a variety of jobs including shipyard worker and cabin boy on a dredger.

He was later to study at Barry Religious College in Wales and went to Canada as a missionary.

Later, in Canada, he lived as a trapper.

The common realities of his childhood among the Protestant working class in the 1930s – grinding poverty, mission halls, theatres, music, the ‘Bog Meadows’ – along with the desperate accident to his father which changed the life of the small family, became the subject matter of his most powerful writing,
‘We walked as though through a forest whose trees were made of steel, harshly etched against the morning sky. Instead of leaf-laden branches stretched out to catch the sun’s rays, I saw a multitude of cranes, swinging poles and a phalanx of gantries.’
During the 1960s and early 1970s, his output was prolific.

Published by Faber and Faber and acclaimed by critics worldwide, he embarked on a series of travel books celebrating Iceland (1960), Denmark (1961), Brazil (1962), the Azores (1963), Malta (1966) and Trinidad & Tobago (1967).

His Ulster: A Journey Through the Six Counties (1962) has long been regarded as a perceptive introduction at a critical moment in the history of Northern Ireland and a classic of the genre.

In the same period came the books on which his reputation as a writer rests, the four remarkable volumes of autobiography: No Surrender (1960), Song of Erne (1960) – a vivid and moving account of childhood excursions to Fermanagh.

Up Spake the Cabin Boy (1961) and The Protégé (1963) and two volumes of short stories, Tattoo Lily (1961) and The Far World (1962), also from Faber.  

No Surrender was hailed as the first book by an Ulster Protestant writer from the working class published by an international publishing house to receive national renown.

The Times described his autobiographical writing as
‘on all planes at once; humorous, detailed and objective as a Breugel village scene; quietly indignant over injustices practised by the toffs; puzzled, exploratory, expectant as a growing boy … He writes as one with a true sense of poetry.’
The volumes of autobiography have rarely been out of print since their first publication and are currently available from Blackstaff Press.

Selected Stories was published in 1996 by Lagan Press in Belfast, which occasioned a memorable reading in the Old Museum arts centre in his native city.

In his later life, Harbinson was dramatically involved in sensational and sometimes scandalous events among the political aristocracy.

A riveting account of these and of their parallels among Ulster’s political class from the 1940s until the 1960s can be read in his last three books The Dust Has Never Settled (1992), Let the Petals Fall (1993) and Checkmate, all from Honeyford Press under his own name of Robin Bryans.

A courteous, witty and gentle man, Robin Bryans’ last years were spent in London where, in addition to writing, he was involved in a school of music set up particularly to encourage the work of young composers.

He died at his home in London on Saturday, June 11, 2005. 

First published in April, 2012.