Sunday, 28 August 2016

Stuart Hall

THE EARLS CASTLE STEWART WERE THE SECOND LARGEST LANDOWNERS IN COUNTY TYRONE, WITH 32,615 ACRES

This is a branch of the royal house of STEWART, springing from Robert, Duke of Albany and Regent of Scotland, third legitimate son of ROBERT II of Scotland.

MURDOCH, 2nd Duke of Albany (1362-1425), succeeded his father Robert as Regent of the Kingdom, but was beheaded, with his two eldest sons, 1425.

His third son, JAMES MOR STEWART, called James the Fat, fled to Ulster, and was father of

ANDREW STEWART, 1st Lord Avondale (c1420-88), who died without issue; and of WALTER, whose son,

ANDREW (c1505-48), succeeding to the titles and estates of his uncle, became 2nd Lord Avondale, and "exchanged" the title for that of OCHILTREE.

His lordship married Margaret, natural daughter of James, 1st Earl of Arran, and had issue,
ANDREW, his successor;
Walter;
Isobel.
He was succeeded by his eldest son,

ANDREW (c1521-91), 2nd Lord Ochiltree, who married Agnes Cunningham, and had a son and heir, Andrew Stewart, styled Master of Ochiltree, who predeceased him in 1578, and was succeeded by his grandson,

ANDREW, 3rd Lord Ochiltree (c1560-1629), who having sold the feudal barony of OCHILTREE to his cousin, Sir James Stuart, of Killeith, was created, 1619, Baron Castle Stewart, of County Tyrone, where he possessed considerable estates.

He wedded, ca 1587, Margaret, daughter of Sir John Kennedy, of Blairquhan, and had issue,
ANDREW, his successor;
JOHN, 5th Baron;
Robert, ancestor of the Earl Castle Stewart;
Margaret, George Crawford, of Crawfordsburn;
Maria, John Kennedy, of Cultra;
Anna.
His lordship was succeeded by his eldest son,

SIR ANDREW, 2nd Baron (1590-1639), who had been previously created a baronet.

He espoused, ca 1604, the Lady Anne Stewart, fifth daughter and co-heiress of John, 5th Earl of Atholl, by which lady he had issue,
ANDREW, 3rd Baron;
JOSIAS, 4th Baron.
His lordship was succeeded by his eldest son,

ANDREW, 3rd Baron (-1650), who married Joyce, daughter and heiress of Sir Arthur Blundell, by whom he had issue, an only child, MARY, who wedded Henry 5th Earl of Suffolk.

His lordship died without male issue, and the honours devolved upon his brother,

JOSIAS, 4th Baron (c1637-62), who espoused Anne, daughter of John Madden, of Enfield, Middlesex, by his wife Elizabeth, daughter and co-heiress of Charles Waterhouse, of Manor Waterhouse, County Fermanagh.

This marriage was without issue and the titles reverted to his uncle,

JOHN, 5th Baron, after whose decease without issue, the title remained in abeyance until 1774, when it was claimed by, and allowed to

CAPTAIN ROBERT STEWARTde jure 6th Baron, who married Anne, daughter of William Moore, of Garvey, County Tyrone.

He died ca 1685, and was succeeded by his son,

ANDREWde jure 7th Baron (1672-1715), who wedded Eleanor, daughter of Robert Dallway, of Bellahill, County Antrim, by whom he had issue,

ROBERTde jure 8th Baron (1700-42), who wedded, in 1722, Margaret, sister and co-heiress of Hugh Edwards, of Castle Gore, County Tyrone, and had issue,

ANDREW THOMAS9th Baron (1725-1809), who was created Viscount Castle Stewart in 1793.

His lordship was further advanced to an earldom, in 1800, as EARL CASTLE STEWART.

His lordship wedded, in 1781, Sarah, daughter of the Rt Hon Godfrey Lill, Judge of the Court of Common Pleas in Ireland, by whom he had issue,
ROBERT, his heir;
Andrew;
Caroline; Sarah.
His lordship was succeeded by his eldest son,

ROBERT, 2nd Earl (1784-1854), who espoused, in 1806, Jemima, only daughter of Colonel Robinson, by whom he had issue,
EDWARD, 3rd Earl;
CHARLES ANDREW KNOX, 4th Earl;
Andrew Godfrey, in holy orders, father of 6th Earl.
His lordship was succeeded by his eldest son,

EDWARD, 3rd Earl (1807-57), who married, in 1830, Emmeline, only surviving daughter and heir of Benjamin Bathurst, in a childless marriage.

His lordship was succeeded by his brother,

CHARLES ANDREW KNOX, 4th Earl (1810-74), who wedded, in 1835, Charlotte Raffles Drury, only daughter of Acheson Quintin Thompson, of County Louth, and had issue,
HENRY JAMES, his heir;
Mary; Ella Sophia; Alice Maude; Margaretta.
His lordship was succeeded by his son,

HENRY JAMES, 5th Earl,

The heir apparent is the present holder's son, Andrew Richard Charles Stuart, styled Viscount Stuart (1953).
 

THE other major event of his long reign as head of the family was the 1st Earl's acquisition, in 1782, of a third manor in County Tyrone, the manor of Orritor, alias Orator.

Orritor was near Stewartstown, and was thus geographically well-situated to round off the existing manors of Castle Stewart and Forward.

However, the Orritor Estate adjoined Drum Manor and was, thus, closer to Cookstown than Stewartstown; or New Mills, around where the Forward estate is situated.
The fourth manor in the Tyrone estate came in by inheritance, not deliberate purchase, and was remote from the other three: the manor of Hastings, alias Castlegore (near Castlederg) formerly the property of the Edwards family of Castlegore.
Robert Stewart of Stuart Hall had married Margaret Edwards of Castlegore back in 1722; and, as a result of failure of heirs male in the Edwards family, Castlegore passed to the Stuarts.

In 1862, the four manors generated an annual income of £7,567.

A further temporary addition to the Tyrone estate was made in 1866, when Lord Stuart, later 5th Earl Castle Stewart, married the heiress of the Richardson Brady family of Oaklands, alias Drum Manor, Cookstown.

On his death in 1914, however, he was succeeded in the earldom and in the Castle Stewart estates by his cousin; but at Drum Manor by one of his daughters, Lady Muriel Close.


STUART HALL, near Stewartstown, County Tyrone, was built about 1760 for Andrew, 1st Earl Castle Stewart.

It was originally a three-storey Georgian block with a pillared porch, joined to an old tower-house by a 19th century Gothic wing.


More recently, the top two storeys of the main block were removed, giving it the appearance of a Georgian bungalow.

Stuart Hall was blown up by the IRA in July, 1972, and subsequently demolished.

A new dwelling was subsequently built on the site in 1987.

The present house is surrounded by lawns and a maintained woodland garden.

There is a ha-ha to grazing, with fine views of the landscape park and woodland beyond.

The stables and farm buildings survive from the 18th century and are listed.

The walled garden has a 1832 date stone and is adorned by a castellated wall and two folly towers backing onto the former stack yard.

Rowan describes it as ‘…castellated, of rubble stone with brick corbelling and a plump round tower at either end.’

A stone inscription on a frieze, though, has an inscription which reads either 1783 or 1785.

The walled garden is not kept up. There were extensive glasshouses.

The chief attribute of the demesne is the fine stands of mature trees, disposed in the landscape style of the mid-18th century.

There is also forest planting.

A gate lodge of ca 1835 has gone but the gate screen remains.

First published in December, 2009. Castle Stewart arms courtesy of European Heraldry.

17 comments :

Anonymous said...

Does nothing of the house remain - or is it now 'bungalowed'?

Anonymous said...

It probably looked quite fine as a Georgian cottage.

Mike, Vancouver said...

I enjoyed reading your posting on the Castle Stewart Estate and am intrigued by the comment that Stuart Hall was built in about 1760.
This date would suggest that he mansion was built by Andrew Thomas Stuart (1725-1809)the first Earl Castlesutart and the son of Robert Stuart (1700-1742).

There may well have been an earlier mansion or at least a residence called Stuart Hall as Robert Stuart (1700-1742) is styled "Robert Stewart of Stewart Hall, County Tryone, Esq." who in 1722 granted a lease to William Blacker of Rughan. The deed was perfected in the preference of his younger siblings, Dallway, Elinor and Ann Stewart of Stewart Hall, witnesses.
I am most interested to learn more of Stuart Hall built 1760 and it's predecessors. Can you let me know the source for your 1760 date?

Many thanks. Mike

Timothy Belmont said...

Hi Mike,

My two sources for the 1760 date were:
Burke's Guide To Country houses - Ireland, by Mark Bence-Jones; and

http://www.ni-environment.gov.uk/built/registerni-revision.pdf

Look under "Stewart Hall".

You could also have a look at:

http://www.proni.gov.uk/introduction__castle_stewart_d1618.pdf

Let me know how you get on.

Tim

Mike, Vancouver said...

Thanks. I see that the local university library has a copy of Burke's Guide to Country Houses so I will follow up with that. I hope the book may also have some information on a few other houses that I am interested in.

Thanks for the other information - -I should have reread the PRONI summary of the papers before posting. Oh, how nice it would be to spend a few weeks looking over these Castle Stuart papers.

And I forgot to include the source for the deed dated 1722 in my previous post. It came from the Registry of Deeds memorials vol 49-folio 421 number 32722 found on LDS film 522814.

Mike

JLaver said...

I was told by my grandfather who were good friends of the earls son at the time which must of been in the 60s 70s that the earl commited suicide in his study with a gun and the butler who found him then cleaned the gun first and then alerted the police .

Timothy Belmont said...

The 7th Earl died in Uckfield, East Sussex, in November 1961, aged 72, and was succeeded in his titles by his third son Arthur, the present Lord Castle Stewart.

JLaver said...

They had a lovely farm house on the somerset mendips not sure if they still have it .

Anonymous said...

The Somerset farmhouse which has been mentioned is presumably Manor Farm in Somerton, near Babcary. I am given to understand that it is Lord Castle Stewart's principal residence today, rather than Stuart Hall, but I may be quite wrong. I think his son lives in Exeter and that his daughter has a farm at East Pennard, also in Somerset. I am very distantly related to Lord Castle Stewart through his paternal grandmother, Emma Georgiana Diana Stevens, the wife of the sixth earl. Her great-grandmother was Susanna Franklin Longcroft of Havant, and I am writing a history of the Longcroft family. I cannot comment on the death of the seventh earl in 1961, the suicide story is certainly news to me, but it would hardly have been openly publicised.

James Phillips-Evans
Blorenge@btinternet.com

Anonymous said...

Can anyone give me any information regarding 'Stuart Hall' or Castle Stuart in 1901? I have discovered that my Great, Great, Great, Great Grandfather was the Coachman for Henry James Stuart (Earl of Castlestuart) and I hoped I might be able to find out some info about my relative(very litte available on the census of Ireland about him), can anyone point me in the right direction?
Thank you

Anonymous said...

I have photographs of Stuart Hall and staff circa 1919 when my grandfather was butler to Lord and Lady Castle Stuart at Old Lodge on Ashdown Forest.
I also have photos of David Stuart as baby.
can email copies of photos taken by my Grandfather

George Speer said...

George Speer of San Francisco, CA said...

I'm a descendent of Hugh Edwards 1617-1674

Hugh Edwards, of a Welsh Family Origin, with an Estate in Rhyl, Flintshire, North Wales (Genealogical notes on the Edwards Family, PRONI D2547/30) ; settled in the City of Londonderry early in the 17th Century; Alderman, in the First Corporation after the Restoration.

Purchased the estate known as the Manor of Hastings, (from Lucy, wife of the Earl of Hastings, and only Daughter of Sir John Davies, the original grantee 1609)

A total of 42,636 acres [thats about 35 sq. miles] which extended from near Omagh to the shores of Lough Derg on one side, and in another direction nearly to the Gap of Barnesmore, an estate forfeited by the Earl of Tyrone, and granted in 1609 to Sir John Davys, whose only daughter, Lucy, married Lord Hastings.

Hugh was a MP for Derry 1661 in Cromwells Parliament; Mayor, Four Years before his death; died 24th February, 1672; buried in Saint Columb's Cathedral, City of Derry, in which on the north side is his monument; will dated 26th June, 1662, proved 1675...

This link will take you to Mary Edwards who married Rev. Robert Stewart son of George Roe Stewart;

http://worldconnect.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=malise&id=I322


This link will take you to Margaret Edwards who married Robert, son of Andrew Stuart and Eleanor Dallway;

http://worldconnect.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=malise&id=I4545

Love your site!

George Speer
email: genealogy@speer.org
www.speer.org

ross said...

Hi

I am keen to find out information/pictures/history about Lady Ella Sophia Stewart and her siblings to bring them to life. I am married into the family of her descendants and keen to establish some more info about her families background.

Any help appreciated.

thanks

Ross

Anonymous said...

As an evacuee during World war 2 living at Stuart Hall Is there any information or pictures taken during that period I would appreciate any help.
thank you colin

Anonymous said...

As an evacuee during World war 2 living at Stuart Hall Is there any information or pictures taken during that period I would appreciate any help.
thank you colin

Colin, I have 30 photos taken of the evacuees and their living quarters at Stuart Hall. A family member was involved in the orgainsation so I can provide some informstion.
My email address is clairenewcastle@btinternet.com

W Stewart said...

I am a patrilineal descendant of the High Stewards of Scotland according to the results of my DNA test (143035 @ http://www.familytreedna.com/public/Stuart/default.aspx?section=yresults). I am now trying to determine to which branch of the royal Stewart family I belong. There is some evidence that I descend from Andrew Stewart, http://en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Andrew_Stuart,_1t_Baron_Castle_Stuart .

Please email me at L21DF41 @ gmail . com if you know of a patrilineal descendant of the aforesaid Andrew. I need to compare his and my DNA test results in order to determine how closely he and I are related. Please remove the spaces in my email address.

W Stewart said...

FTDNA's Big Y tester Paul John Thompson (239315) and his perfect Y-DNA111 match Robertson (12471) tested negative for SNP R-S781. They share mutations with Earl Castle Stewart that prove that their Stewart ancestor helped Scotland to achieve its independence at Bannockburn.

Anyone who tests negative for S781 and positive for SNP L746 may be a direct male-line descendant of James Stewart, 5th High Steward of Scotland, progenitor of the Stewart Kings of Scotland.

The results of ScotlandDNA's Chromo2 test of my y-DNA shows that I have the mutation known as R-S781. Therefore Earl Castle Stewart and I do not belong to the same branch of the descendants of the first High Steward of Scotland.

That I and ~40% of the members of our patrilineal family test positive for SNP S781 shows that we descend from Sir John Stewart of Bonkyll (died 22 July 1298).

FTDNA's project for Sir John's patrilineal descendants is at https://www.familytreedna.com/public/R-S781.

All or part of Sir John's patrilineal descendants via the Lennox line (e.g. King James I of England) test positive for both S781 and S768.

That I tested negative for SNP S768 may mean that I descend from the Stewarts of Appin instead.

143035 is my ID at http://www.familytreedna.com/public/Stuart/default.aspx?section=yresults .

More information about this topic is at http://www.familytreedna.com/public/Stuart/default.aspx