Monday, 27 November 2017

1st Marquess of Hertford

EDWARD SEYMOUR, 1st Duke of Somerset (c1500-52), the celebrated Lord Protector in the reign of EDWARD VI, had, by his first wife, Catherine, daughter and co-heir of Sir William Fillol, of Fillol Hall, Essex, two sons, namely,
EDWARD;
John, who dsp, leaving his estates to his brother.
The elder son,

LORD EDWARD SEYMOUR (c1528-93), who received the honour of knighthood for his conduct in the battle of Musselburgh, and was seated at Berry Pomeroy, near Totnes, Devon, obtained an act of parliament restoring him in blood, so far as to enable him to enjoy lands that might subsequently come to him from any collateral ancestor.

Sir Edward, Sheriff of Devon during the reign of ELIZABETH I, married Mary, daughter of Mr Justice Walshe, of the Court of Common Pleas, and was succeeded by his son,

EDWARD SEYMOUR (c1563-1613), of Berry Pomeroy, MP for Devon, who was created a baronet in 1611, denominated of Berry Pomeroy.

He wedded Elizabeth, daughter of Sir Arthur Champernowne, Knight, of Dartington, Devon, and was succeeded by his eldest son,

SIR EDWARD SEYMOUR, 2nd Baronet (c1580-1659); who had received the honour of knighthood from JAMES I, and was returned to two parliaments by the county of Devon in that monarch's reign.

In the latter part of his life he lived in retirement at Berry Pomeroy Castle, upon which he is said to have expended £20,000 (£3.5 million in today's money).

Sir Edward espoused Dorothy, daughter of Sir Henry Killigrew; and was succeeded by his eldest son,

SIR EDWARD SEYMOUR, 3rd Baronet (1610-88), MP for Devon in the last two parliaments of CHARLES I.

Adhering to that unhappy prince, Sir Edward had his seat, Berry Pomeroy Castle (the ancient abode of the Pomeroys), plundered and burnt to the ground.

He married Anne, daughter of Sir John Portman; and was succeeded by his eldest son,

SIR EDWARD SEYMOUR, 4th Baronet (c1632-1708). This gentleman made a distinguished figure, both in court and parliament, during four successive reigns.

He served constantly after his first election to the time of his death, and few had more weight in the House of Commons.

In 1667, he promoted the impeachment of Lord Clarendon; was the first that moved it, and carried it up to the House of Lords.

Sir Edward wedded firstly, in 1661, Margaret, daughter and co-heir of Sir William Wale, Knight, an alderman of the city of London, by whom he had two sons, and was succeeded in the Baronetcy by the elder, EDWARD, whose eldest son, EDWARD, inherited the Dukedom of Somerset.

The 4th Baronet espoused secondly, in 1674, Lætitia, daughter of Alexander Popham; and his eldest son by that lady,

POPHAM SEYMOUR (1675-99), inherited the estates of his cousin, Edward Conway, Earl of Conway, who dsp under the will of the said Earl, and assumed, in consequence, 1683, the surname of CONWAY.

This gentleman fell in a duel with Colonel George Kirk, in 1699; and dying unmarried, those estates devolved upon his next brother,

FRANCIS SEYMOUR (1679-1732), who also assumed the surname and arms of CONWAY, and was elevated to the peerage, 1703, as Baron Conway, of Ragley, Warwickshire.

Part of his extensive inheritance being situated in Ulster, his lordship was created a peer of Ireland, in 1712, as Baron Conway, of Killultagh, County Antrim.

He did not, however, take his seat in the Irish House of Lords until 1721.

In 1728, he was sworn in the Irish Privy Council; and in the following year, Governor of Carrickfergus.

His lordship married firstly, in 1703, the Lady Mary Hyde, third daughter of Laurence, 1st Earl of Rochester, by whom he had four daughters; the second of whom, Mary, wedded Nicholas Price, of Saintfield, County Down.

Lord Conway espoused secondly, Jane Bowden, of Drogheda, by whom he had a son, who died in infancy, and a daughter who died unmarried; and thirdly, in 1715/16, Charlotte, daughter of Alderman Sir John Shorter, Knight, Lord Mayor of London in 1688, and sister-in-law of the celebrated statesman, Sir Robert Walpole, afterwards Earl of Orford, by whom he had (with three daughters) four sons; of whom
FRANCIS, succeeded to the honours;
Henry (Field-Marshal the Hon).
His lordship died at Lisburn, County Antrim, and was succeeded by his eldest son,

FRANCIS, 2nd Baron (1718-94); who was created, in 1750, Viscount Beauchamp and Earl of Hertford (similar honours had been conferred upon his lordship's ancestor, Edward, Duke of Somerset, which expired with Algernon, 7th Duke), with remainder, in default of male issue, to the male descendants of his brother, Field-Marshal the Hon Henry Seymour-Conway.

His lordship was installed, in 1756, a Knight of the Garter; and in 1765, he was constituted Lord Lieutenant of Ireland; and the following year, Lord Chamberlain of the Household, having previously filled the office of Master of the Horse.

He married, in 1741, the Lady Isabella Fitzroy, youngest daughter of Charles, 2nd Duke of Grafton, by which lady he had thirteen children.

His lordship was advanced, in 1793, to the dignities of Earl of Yarmouth and MARQUESS OF HERTFORD.

He was succeeded by his eldest son,

FRANCIS, 2nd Marquess (1743-1822), KG, Lord Chamberlain of the Household, Lord-Lieutenant of Warwickshire, Governor of County Antrim.
Francis Seymour-Conway, 1st Marquess (1718–94);
Francis Ingram-Seymour-Conway, 2nd Marquess (1743–1822);
Francis Charles Seymour-Conway, 3rd Marquess (1777–1842);
Richard Seymour-Conway, 4th Marquess (1800–70);
Francis Hugh George Seymour, 5th Marquess (1812–84);
Hugh de Grey Seymour, 6th Marquess (1843–1912);
George Francis Alexander Seymour, 7th Marquess (1871–1940);
Hugh Edward Conway Seymour, 8th Marquess (1930–97);
Henry Jocelyn Seymour, 9th Marquess (b 1958).
The heir apparent is the present holder's eldest son, William Francis Seymour, styled Earl of Yarmouth (b 1993).

Seat and former seats ~ Ragley Hall, Warwickshire; Sudbourne Hall, Suffolk; Lisburn, County Antrim.

Hertford arms courtesy of European Heraldry.

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