The surname of HERVEY, or HARVEY, written with Fitz (i.e. son of Harvey) is derived from Robert FitzHervey (a younger son of Hervé, Duke of Orléans), one of the commanders in the invading army of WILLIAM THE CONQUEROR.
From that Robert descended
JOHN HERVEY, who, marrying Joan, daughter and heiress of John Harman, of Thurleigh, Bedfordshire, whereby he became possessed of that lordship, which he made his principal residence.
Mr Hervey died in 1292, leaving issue,
JOHN HERVEY, who wedded Margaret, daughter and heir of Sir John de Nernuytt, of Burnham, in Buckinghamshire, and therby became possessed of a large property, which descended to his son and heir.
From him we pass to his lineal descendant,
JOHN HERVEY, of Thurleigh, who wedded Alice, daughter of Nicholas Morley, of Glynde, Sussex; and had, with one daughter, two sons, viz.
GEORGE;The younger son,
THOMAS HERVEY, espoused Jane, daughter and heir of Henry Drury, of Ickworth, Hawstead, etc; and with her acquired those estates.
He was succeeded at his decease by his son,
WILLIAM HERVEY, of Ickworth, Suffolk, who married Joan, daughter of John Cocket, of Ampton, Suffolk; and, dying in 1538, left, with other issue,
JOHN, his successor, of whom presently;Mr Hervey of Ickworth was succeeded at his decease by his eldest son,
JOHN HERVEY, of Ickworth, whi died in 1556, and was succeeded by his eldest son,
JOHN HERVEY, of Ickworth, who wedded Frances, daughter and co-heir of Edmund Bocking, of Bocking, in Essex; and dying in 1630, was succeeded by his eldest son,
SIR WILLIAM HERVEY, who married, in 1608, Susan, daughter of Sir Robert Jermyn, of Rushbrook, Suffolk; and dying in 1660, was succeeded by his eldest son,
JOHN HERVEY, of Ickworth.
This gentleman enjoyed the friendship of Robert Sidney, 2nd Earl of Leicester, and sojourned with that accomplished nobleman during his embassy at the French court. Concurring heartily with the restoration of CHARLES II, he was appointed Treasurer of the Household to the Queen Consort, CATHERINE. In parliament he was one of the leading members.He wedded the Hon Elizabeth Hervey, only surviving child and sole heiress of William, Lord Hervey, of Kidbrook; but dying without issue, in 1679, his estates devolved upon his only surviving brother,
SIR THOMAS HERVEY MP, who espoused Isabella, daughter of Sir Humphrey May, vice-chamberlain of the household to CHARLES I; and dying in 1694, was succeeded by his eldest surviving son,
JOHN HERVEY (1665-1751), a distinguished member of the House of Commons, who was elevated to the peerage, in 1703, as Baron Hervey, of Ickworth, Suffolk.
His lordship was advanced to the dignity of an earldom, in 1714, as EARL OF BRISTOL.
This nobleman wedded firstly, in 1686, Isabella, daughter and sole heiress of the Rt Hon Sir Robert Carr Bt, and granddaughter, maternally, of James, 3rd Earl of Suffolk, by whom he had a son, CARR, Lord Hervey, who predeceased him, and two daughters.
He married secondly, in 1695, Elizabeth, onlt daughter and heiress of Sir Thomas Felton Bt, of Playford, Suffolk, by whom he had eleven sons and six daughters.
The 1st Earl's two sons both predeceased him and, following his decease in 1751, he was succeeded by his grandson,
GEORGE WILLIAM (1721-75), 2nd Earl, who, in right of his grandmother, upon the demise of Henry, 10th Earl of Suffolk, became joint heir (with Elizabeth, 2nd wife of John, 1st Earl of Portsmouth) to that nobleman's estates, and to the barony of HOWARD DE WALDEN; but dying unmarried in 1775, all devolved upon his brother,
AUGUSTUS JOHN (1724-79), 3rd Earl.
This nobleman, having adopted the naval profession, attained the rank of Vice-Admiral of the Blue. His lordship married privately, in 1744, the celebrated Miss Chudleigh, who, 25 years later, in 1769, publicly espoused Evelyn Pierrepoint, 2nd Duke of Kingston-upon-Hull; for which offence her ladyship was impeached before the House of Lords, and the marriage declared illegal. She retired subsequently to the Continent, where she died in 1788.The 3rd Earl died in 1779, without issue, and was succeed by his brother,
FREDERICK AUGUSTUS (1730-1803), Lord Bishop of Derry, 4th Earl.
Bristol arms courtesy of European Heraldry.
The heir presumptive is the present holder's 4th cousin once removed Alexander George Hervey (b. 1920).
- Frederick William Hervey, 1st Marquess (1769–1859)
- Frederick William Hervey, 2nd Marquess (1800–64)
- Frederick William John Hervey, 3rd Marquess (1834–1907)
- Frederick William Fane Hervey, 4th Marquess (1863–1951)
- Herbert Arthur Robert Hervey, 5th Marquess (1870–1960)
- Victor Frederick Cochrane Hervey, 6th Marquess (1915–85)
- Frederick William John Augustus Hervey, 7th Marquess (1954–99)
- Frederick William Augustus Hervey, 8th Marquess (b 1979).