The family of CLELAND (formerly spelt Kneland) has been of great antiquity in Scotland.
Their coat-of-arms, tradition states, was acquired by their being hereditary foresters to the ancient Earls of Douglas.
JAMES CLELAND, of that Ilk, in Lanarkshire, ancestor of the Clelands of that Ilk and of several other families of the same surname, joined his cousin Sir William Wallace in 1296 for the relief of his country against the English, along with a considerable number of noblemen and gentlemen.
He was present at, and assisted Sir William Wallace in most of his exploits, particularly in capturing Thomas of Longueville, commonly called The Red Rover.
After the death of Sir William Wallace he firmly supported the cause of ROBERT THE BRUCE, and for his loyalty and good services that king gave him several lands in the barony of Calder, West Lothian.
WILLIAM CLELAND, of that Ilk, was fifth in descent from the above James Cleland, and in the reign of JAMES III of Scotland, about 1462, married Jean Somerville.
His son and successor,
ALEXANDER CLELAND, of that Ilk, was killed in 1513 at the battle of Flodden, along with his cousin, William Cleland, of Faskine, fighting valiantly in defence of their King, JAMES IV of Scotland.
To a charter of 1498, there was appended a seal of this Alexander, upon which was a hare, leaping, with a hunting horn about his neck.
The lineal descendant of this gentleman,
JOHN CLELAND, of Whithorn, Wigtownshire, was appointed factor to James, 5th Earl of Galloway, and in 1731, wedded Margaret Murdoch, only child of the Provost of Whithorn.
He died in 1747, having had issue,
William, died in infancy;The younger daughter,
JAMES, of whom hereafter;
Katharine; Agnes; Margaret.
AGNES CLELAND (1740-75), espoused firstly, in 1766, Lieutenant Richard Rose, of the East India Company's European Regiment, by whom she had an only child, JAMES DOWSETT ROSE, who afterwards assumed the additional surname of CLELAND.
She married secondly, in 1774, William Nicholson, of Balloo House, without issue.
John Cleland's son and successor,
JAMES CLELAND, of Newtownards, County Down, wedded, in 1770, Sarah, only child of Captain Patrick Baird, in an issueless marriage.
He died in 1777, when the family estate reverted to his nephew,
JAMES DOWSETT ROSE-CLELAND JP DL (1767-1852), of Rathgael, County Down, High Sheriff, 1805, who succeeded to his father's property in 1768, and to that of his paternal grandfather, Richard Rose, of Abingdon, Berkshire, in 1784.
In compliance of the testamentary injunction of his cousin, Patrick Cleland, of Ballymagee, he assumed the additional surname and arms of CLELAND (his mother's name).
He espoused firstly, in 1790, Sarah, only child of Willliam Eaton Andrews, of London, and by that lady had a son and daughter,
William Nicholson, died in infancy;Mr Rose-Cleland married secondly, in 1832, Elizabeth, eldest daughter of William Nicholson Steele-Nicholson, of Balloo House, and by her had issue,
JAMES BLACKWOOD, heir to his father;Mr Rose-Cleland was succeeded by his son,
RICHARD, successor to his brother;
Edward Allen, b 1840;
Henry Somerville, b 1843;
Agnes Elizabeth; Isabel Hamilton;
Margaret Sabina, m Arthur Wellington Garner, of Garnerville.
JAMES BLACKWOOD ROSE-CLELAND (1835-56), of Rathgael House, who died at Constantinople, and was succeeded by his brother,
RICHARD ROSE-CLELAND (1836-92), of Rathgael House, who married, in 1861, Elizabeth Wilhelmina, daughter of Robert Kennedy, of Lisburn, County Antrim, and had issue,
James Dowsett, b 1862;Rathgael was inherited by the youngest son and the seven youngest daughters.
Robert Kennedy, b 1863;
Richard, died in infancy;
Charles Arthur, b 1876;
Elizabeth Helen Louisa; Mary Isabella Eveline; Edith Adelaide;
Maude Ethel; Florence May; Alice Gertrude; Catherine Mabel; Harriet Ella.
Unfortunately I have no information relating to Rathgael House at the moment, except that it was a late 18th century dwelling.
Presumably it and its outbuildings were swept away for the present government buildings at Balloo Road, near Bangor, County Down.