Friday, 26 October 2018

Culloden Estate

William Auchinleck Robinson JP (c1816-98), originally from Scotland, married, in 1847, at St Anne's, Shankill, Belfast, Elizabeth Jane (1819-89), daughter of Patrick Culloden (1768-1843), of Stranmillis, Belfast.
Mr Robinson was a stockbroker, and initially settled on the Antrim Road, Belfast. He conducted his business at 67 High Street. His commercial prowess and acumen were such, that he purchased land at Craigavad, County Down.

CULLODEN, Cultra, County Down, was built in 1876 by the Belfast firm, Young & Mackenzie.

Most of the stone came from Scotland by boat, landed at Portaferry, and was conveyed by horse and cart to the Craigavad site.

The mansion took two years to build, during which time the Robinsons lived in a modest cottage within the grounds.


Culloden House, named after his widow, Elizabeth Jane Robinson (née Culloden) was presented to the representative body of the Church of Ireland.

At the end of the 19th Century, Culloden House duly became the official residence of the Lord Bishop of Down, Connor and Dromore, and was known as The Bishop’s Palace.
Ardtullagh, Knocknagoney, near Holywood, was the previous episcopal palace, but this property was acquired in 1886 by the War Department (Ministry of Defence) for use as a military barracks. The barracks is still in use today by the Army and is known as Palace Barracks.
The Rt Rev Thomas James Welland was the first prelate to live at Culloden, in 1898.

In subsequent years, three further bishops lived at Culloden.

During the tenure of Bishop Crozier (later Archbishop of Armagh), a private chapel, the Jeremy Taylor Memorial Chapel, was dedicated within the house.

During this period, the celebrated songwriter and entertainer Percy French often stayed there (Bishop Crozier was godfather to French’s second daughter).

In the 1920s, the Church of Ireland sold Culloden to Sir John Campbell MD FRCS LL.D, a well-known Belfast gynaecologist and MP.

In 1959, Culloden was purchased from Sir John’s son, Robert, for £10,000, by Thomas C Reid, sometime chairman of the Northern Ireland Ploughing Association.

Mr Rutledge White, proprietor of White’s Home Bakery, purchased Culloden in 1962.

It was opened as a hotel, comprising eleven bedrooms, the following year, under the management of Mr White’s son-in-law, Mr Roberts.

The late hotelier Sir William Hastings, CBE, purchased the premises in 1967, and Culloden is now the Culloden Estate and Spa,  Northern Ireland's longest-established de-luxe hotel.

First published in October, 2012; revised.

3 comments :

Boru Burns said...

D. 15 Feb 1898 according to this record: http://www.willcalendars.nationalarchives.ie/reels/cwa/005014910/005014910_00486.pdf

Korhomme said...

My grandfather was Dr (later Sir) John Campbell; he bought Culloden in 1920 for £2,000.

During the family's time there, the name was pronounced Cul-low-den, though it's pronounced as in the Scottish battle today. I guess this was how Mr Robinson's father-in-law pronounced his family name. It does seem odd to call a place after a major defeat. it was always known as Culloden, not as Culloden House.

Timothy Belmont said...

Korhomme, agreed. I call it Culloden House on my article simply to give slightly more definition. Today it's better known as the Culloden Hotel. Tim.