Wednesday, 9 December 2015

The King Baronetcy

THE KING BARONETCY, OF CORRARD, COUNTY FERMANAGH, WAS CREATED IN 1821 FOR ABRAHAM BRADLEY KING, LORD MAYOR OF DUBLIN AND ROYAL STATIONER


CHARLES KING, of Corrard, Co Fermanagh, died in 1788, leaving issue by Anne, sister of the Rev Dr. James Cottingham, of Cavan, a son,

JAMES KING, (-1798), of Dublin, who married in 1763, Elizabeth, daughter and co-heiress of Abraham Bradley, printer and stationer, of Dublin, and had issue,
James;
ABRAHAM BRADLEY, of whom we treat;
Hulton Smyth;
Joseph.
Mr King's second son,

ABRAHAM BRADLEY KING (1774-1838), of Corrard, and of Bloomsbury, County Dublin, was elected alderman of the city of Dublin in 1805; and chosen Lord Mayor in 1813, and a second time, in 1821, when he had the honour of receiving, in his official capacity, GEORGE IV.

In commemoration of the occasion of that monarch's visiting the metropolis of His Majesty's Irish dominions, the chief magistrate was created a BARONET, in 1821.

Sir Abraham inherited, from his maternal grandfather, the patent office of King's Stationer in Ireland, which he surrendered to the Crown in 1830 and was granted by Parliament a pension of £2,500 (£213,000 in today's money) for life.

He was also deputy grand master of the Orange Order, and printed revised rules for that body.

On the issue of publicly celebrating WILLIAM III's birthday he took the side of the government in 1821 and banned public ceremonies.

When his prohibition was disobeyed by a dissident group of tailors, he resigned from the Orange Order.

As Lord Mayor in 1821, he joined with the catholic Lord Fingall at a public dinner in Morrison’s hotel to demonstrate unity and amity for the royal visit of GEORGE IV.

In the following year he resisted the passage of resolutions, in the merchant’s guild of Dublin Corporation, for repeal of the act of union.

King was popular in municipal circles for the lavishness of his public functions and for his personal defence of the right of Dublin Corporation to present petitions at the bar of the house of commons.

In 1829, his mode of conducting business as king’s stationer came under government scrutiny. It became clear that King was in the habit of offering money gifts in lieu of stationery to members of the vice-regal household.

He was forced to resign his patent in 1830, and refused compensation.

In Ireland, even his political opponents believed that he had been treated shabbily and there was much sympathy for him when he was declared a bankrupt in 1831.

Daniel O’Connell MP vigorously championed Sir Abraham's case in parliament, and in 1832 secured him a measure of compensation.

This was augmented, in 1836, by a life pension of £2,500 per annum, voted by parliament.

Sir Abraham was an active member of the Dublin Society during 1802-15, and in the latter year was paid £170 12s. 2d. by the Society for stationery supplies.

Between 1803-15, he proposed or seconded nine candidates for membership of the Society, including Captain John D’Esterre, killed in a duel with Daniel O’Connell in 1815.

King’s stationery business was conducted from offices at 36 Dame Street, and he was also a committee member of the Atlas Assurance Company.

His Dublin residence was Bloomsbury, and he had a country seat at Corrard, County Fermanagh.

In 1793, he married Anne, daughter of Plato Oulton, by whom he had issue,
JAMES WALKER, his heir;
Abraham;
Anne, Elizabeth; Mary; Jane; Sarah; Harriett.
His eldest son,

THE REV SIR JAMES WALKER KING (1796-1874), 2nd Baronet, wedded, in 1834, his first cousin, Anne Sophia Smyth, eldest daughter of Hulton Smyth King, formerly a commissioner of the customs.
Sir James was Vicar of Rathmore and Kilteel in County Kildare, 1837-56; and Chaplain to the Lord Lieutenant of Ireland (Lord Anglesey).
His son and heir,

SIR CHARLES SIMEON KING (1840-1921), 3rd Baronet, lived at Corrard (below), Swerford Park, Oxfordshire, and The Highlands House, St Leonards-on-Sea, East Sussex.

The baronetcy expired on the death of Sir Charles in 1921, who edited "A great Archbishop of Dublin, William King, DD 1650-1729: His autobiography, family, and a selection from his correspondence." (1906, Longman Green).

Corrard

The King family were certainly in possession of Gola Abbey as far back as the late 17th century.

John King of Gola, took part in the defence of Enniskillen in 1689, and his name also appears in the list of signatories to the address to WILLIAM & MARY written in that town in 1690.

He died between 1720 and 1726 and his son James took possession of the estate.

James King was appointed Sheriff of Fermanagh in 1728 and presented the communion plate to Derryvullan Church.

He died in 1756 and Gola passed to his eldest son also called James, who married Elizabeth Coote of Limerick (a cousin of his) but died childless in London in 1823.

In 1815 Gola was purchased by Sir Abraham Bradley King Bt, another cousin.

It passed after his death to his son Sir Charles Simeon King Bt.

Although Sir Charles listed Gola as his address, he moved into the rebuilt house at Corrard nearby.

His new lands included a small island called Inishbeg.

During the 19th century Sir Charles sold Gola Abbey.

The evidence from the King family indicates that they lived in the priory as far back as 1689 and had remained in residence until Sir Charles moved to Corrard.

The Kings were resident in Gola Abbey at the time of the siege of Enniskillen and were still there in the time that Thomas Burke was writing in 1772; the restoration happened in 1660.

It is possible that the house was abandoned for some years, as the Kings had renovated Corrard as early as 1825.

Archdall’s account indicates that there were three friars living there in 1756 but the records indicate clearly that the Kings were firmly in possession of the old priory at that stage. 

First published in November, 2010.

4 comments :

BrĂ¡dach said...

Thanks for the interesting details. Would you have any info on the younger son of Abraham Bradley King?
His gravestone made from Valentia slate is to be found in the graveyard of St. James Church, Dingle CO.Kerry. The inscription reads; " Sacred to the memory of Abraham Bradley King Oulton esq who departed this life on the 12th of September 1843 Aged 35 years. I'd be very grateful for any information you could supply. The church and graveyard are on a medieval site circa 12th century and an archaeological survey is currently being carried out on it. As a Fermanagh native myself I'm interested in the Corrard connection. Thank you.

Anonymous said...

You should read a book about the those earlier King girls and their marriages and their children etc. it gives a fab account of life at that time but also the role of those sisters in the struggle... very influential girls... will have to lend you it... its been printed twice under two different titles and i have both. the one i read was called the reble daughters if any of your readers are interested, they are out of print now but can still be obtained on line at places such as amazon.
me, J xx

Lisa Grenn said...

Wonderful!! You've supplied more info on this aspect of my ancestry than I've been able to obtain elsewhere. Sir Abraham Bradley King is my 7th great-grandfather. One of my paternal great-grandmothers, Elizabeth King, is descended from this line. She married into the William Porter line while in Dublin. Sincerely, Lisa Porter-Grenn, M.D.

Ventry said...

Am most interested in the King family as my g. g. grandmother was Catherine King (1804-1846)who married Rev. Charles Gayer (1804-1848) rector of Dingle & Ventry, and chaplain to Lord Ventry. Catherine & Charles were both buried in his church yard- St. James in Dingle. Also buried there are their son Edward (1840) and her father James King (1838). Her mother Letitia Irvine King (1842)and his mother Frances Christina Dobbs Gayer (1846)also died in Dingle, so many of the family were there at that time.

As an Australian I visited Dingle a few years ago to see where Catherine & her family lived, worshipped, died and were buried. I understand they lived in Ballyintaggart House, Garfinny and the huge soup barrels used during the famine were still in the courtyard.

I found a photo of a miniature of Catherine King as a young girl in the Irish Ancestor magazine c 1970's, submitted by the owner - a Mrs.Harold Matthews, of Ireland I believe. I have never been able to track her down, but she is no doubt a descendant of Catherine. If anyone knows of her I would be most overjoyed to be put in contact with her.

Re Braadach's comment of Abraham Bradley King Oulton Esq. Should that not be A.B. Oulton King ??

I have an Abraham King, son of Abraham King & Anne Oulton who had m. 1793, but Abraham died 1836 suicided in Upper Canada.

Cheers,
Ventry