Wednesday, 3 August 2016

1st Baron Baltimore

DEDICATED TO MY AMERICAN COUSINS: THE LATE REAR-ADMIRAL CHARLES McDOWELL, MIMI AND THOMAS VAN POOLE



This noble family was originally Flemish.

From Flanders they transported themselves into the north of England.

LEONARD CALVERT, of Danby Wiske, Yorkshire, son of John Calvert, married Alicia, daughter of John Crosland, of Crosland, in the same county, by whom he had issue, a son,

THE RT HON GEORGE CALVERT (c1580-1632), who having served as secretary to Sir Robert Cecil, when secretary of state, and afterwards as clerk to the privy council, received the honour of knighthood in 1617, and was thereafter appointed secretary of state to the King, who employed him in the most important affairs.

The King granted him large tracts of land in Ireland, and elevated him to the peerage of that kingdom in 1624, as BARON BALTIMORE, of Baltimore, County Longford.

Whilst secretary of state his lordship obtained a grant of the province of Avalon, in Newfoundland, with the most expensive privileges, and expended £25,000 in the settlement thereof.

This place he visited thrice in the reign of JAMES I, but after contending with great spirit against the French encroachments, he was obliged to abandon it altogether. 

Whereupon he obtained from CHARLES I a patent of Maryland to him and his heirs for ever, with the same title and royalties as in Avalon, to hold in common socage as of the manor of Windsor, paying yearly, as an acknowledgement to the Crown, to Indian arrows at Windsor Castle, upon Easter Tuesday, and the fifth part of the gold and silver ore.

His lordship did not live, however, to see the grant pass the great seal, and his son,

CECIL, 2nd Baron, had it made out in his own name, in 1632.

The province of Maryland was so named by CHARLES I in the honour of his Queen, HENRIETTA MARIA.

His lordship's son, 

CHARLES, 3rd Baron, was present in JAMES II's Irish parliament in 1689.

His son,

CHARLES, 4th Baron, was outlawed for high treason in Ireland, although he had never been in that kingdom; but WILLIAM III, upon his lordship's representation, caused the outlawry to be reversed in 1691.

His son,

BENEDICT LEONARD, 5th Baron, who had conformed to the established church in 1713, later became MP for Harwich.

The 5th Baron's grandson,

FREDERICK, 7th Baron, born about 1731, married Lady Diana Egerton, though died without issue, at  Naples, in 1771, when the title became EXTINCT (his lordship had sold his estates before going abroad to Mr John Trotter, of Soho, London).

*****


The City of Baltimore, Maryland, USA, is named after Cecilius Calvert, 2nd Baron Baltimore, proprietor of the colony of Maryland.

The Maryland state flag is the un-differenced Arms of Calvert quartering Crossland, a strikingly attractive flag.

The history of the Barons Baltimore is detailed and extensive.

A fuller account can be found here.

Baltimore Arms courtesy of European Heraldry.   First published in April, 2012.

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