Wednesday, 7 July 2021

1st Duke of Newcastle


This family is supposed by some to derive its surname of CLINTON from a lordship in Oxfordshire, denominated Glympton, and to deduce its descent from William de Villa Tancredi, Chamberlain of Normandy, and Maud, his wife, daughter of William de Arches, descended from Wevia, daughter of Gunnora, Duchess of Normandy.

By others, however, it is said to be of Anglo-Saxon origin.

JOHN DE CLINTON, of Amington, Warwickshire, was summoned to Parliament in the twenty-seventh year of EDWARD I, 1299, as Baron Clinton.

He married Ida, daughter of Sir William de Odingsells, Lord of Maxstoke Castle, and other possessions in Warwickshire; and had two sons, the younger of whom,

SIR WILLIAM DE CLINTON, of Amington, having obtained considerable military renown in the reign of EDWARD III, and participated in the triumph of Hallidown, was created by that monarch, 1337, Earl of Huntingdon; but dying without male issue, in 1354, the dignity expired.

While the other son,

JOHN, 2nd Baron, succeeded his father, and had a son,

JOHN, 3rd Baron, a participator in the military glories of EDWARD III and the Black Prince; in which reign he was summoned to Parliament as a baron.

His lordship married Idonea, eldest daughter of Jeffrey, Lord Seye, granddaughter, maternally, of Guy Beauchamp, Earl of Warwick.

By this lady Lord Clinton had three sons, and was succeeded by the eldest,

WILLIAM, 4th Baron (1378-1431), who espoused Anne, daughter of William, Lord Botreaux, and was succeeded by his only son,

JOHN, 5th Baron (1410-64), who wedded Elizabeth, daughter of Richard Fynes, Lord Dacre, and was succeeded at his decease by his son,

JOHN, 6th Baron (1431-88), who married Anne, daughter of Sir Humphrey Stafford, and was
succeeded by his son,

JOHN, 7th Baron (1471-1514), who wedded Elizabeth, daughter of Sir John Morgan, of Tredegar, Monmouthshire, and was succeeded by his son,

THOMAS, 8th Baron (1471-1514), who espoused Mary, daughter of Sir Edward Poynings KG, by whom he had issue, an only son,

EDWARD, 9th Baron (1512-85), KG, a person of the highest eminence as a naval officer during the reigns of HENRY VIII and his immediate successors.

His lordship was sworn, in 1550, of the Privy Council, and constituted Lord High Admiral.

1st Earl of Lincoln, Photo Credit: University of Nottingham

In June, 1551, he was installed a Knight of the Garter.

In 1557, he was a second time appointed Lord High Admiral, and confirmed in that office by ELIZABETH I, upon her accession, who created him, in 1572, Earl of Lincoln.

His lordship married thrice, and was succeeded by his eldest son,

HENRY, 2nd Earl (1539-1616), KB, who espoused firstly, Catherine, daughter of Francis, Earl of Huntingdon, and had issue,
THOMAS, his successor;
Edward (Sir).
His lordship married secondly, Elizabeth, daughter of Sir Richard Morrison, Knight, and had issue,

Henry (Sir).
He was succeeded by his eldest son,

THOMAS, 3rd Earl (1568-1619), who wedded Elizabeth, daughter and co-heir of Henry Knevitt, of Charlton, Wiltshire, by whom he had eight sons and nine daughters.

His lordship was succeeded by his third, but eldest surviving son,

THEOPHILUS, 4th Earl (1600-67), KB, who wedded Bridget, daughter of William Fiennes, Viscount Saye and Sele, and had issue,
EDWARD, father of EDWARD;
Catherine; Arabella; Margaret.
His lordship, who was a staunch supporter of the royal cause during the civil wars, lived to see the restoration of the monarchy, and performed the office of Carver at the coronation of CHARLES II.

He was succeeded by his grandson,

EDWARD, 5th Earl; at whose demise without issue, in 1692, the barony fell into abeyance between his lordship's aunts and co-heirs, and eventually passed into another family; while the earldom of Lincoln passed to his cousin,

FRANCIS, as 6th Earl (1635-93), who espoused firstly, Elizabeth, daughter of Sir William Killigrew, Knight, and had a son, Francis, who died in infancy.

He married secondly, Susan, daughter of Anthony Penniston, and had issue,
HENRY, his successor;
His lordship was succeeded by his elder son,

HENRY, 7th Earl, KG (1684-1728); one of the Gentlemen of the Bedchamber to Prince George of Denmark.

This nobleman, taking a decided part against the measures of government during the last four years of the reign of Queen ANNE, so ingratiated himself thereby with Arthur, Earl of Torrington, that his lordship bequeathed, at his decease, to the Earl of Lincoln the greater part of his estates.

Lord Lincoln, who filled successively the important offices of Paymaster-General, Constable of the Tower, and Cofferer of the Household, wedded Lucy, daughter of Thomas, Lord Pelham, and sister of Thomas, Duke of Newcastle, and was succeeded at his decease by his eldest son,

GEORGE, 8th Earl (1718-30), who died at the age of thirteen, and was succeeded by his brother,

HENRY, 9th Earl, KG (1720-94), who held several of the highest offices about the Court; and having married, in 1744, Catherine, eldest daughter and heir of the Rt Hon Henry Pelham, inherited, in 1768, the dukedom of Newcastle-under-Lyne, at the demise of the Countess's uncle, Thomas Pelham-Holles, who had been created DUKE OF NEWCASTLE-UNDER-LYNE, 1756, with special
remainder to the Earl of Lincoln.

His Grace assumed, by royal licence, the surname of PELHAM; and was succeeded by his only surviving son,

THOMAS, 3rd Duke (1752-95), who espoused, in 1782, Anna Maria, youngest daughter of William, 2nd Earl of Harrington, and had issue,
HENRY PELHAM, his successor;
Anna Maria; Charlotte.
His Grace was succeeded by his elder son,

HENRY PELHAM, 4th Duke, KG (1785-1851), who married, in 1807, Georgiana Elizabeth, only child of Edward Miller Mundy, and had issue,
HENRY PELHAM, his successor;
Charles Pelham;
Thomas Charles;
Robert Renebald;
Georgiana; Charlotte; Caroline Augusta; Henrietta.
His Grace was succeeded by his eldest son,

HENRY PELHAM, 5th Duke, KG (1811-64), who wedded, in 1832, the Lady Susan Hamilton, daughter of Alexander, 10th Duke of Hamilton, and had issue,
Edward William;
Albert Sidney;
Susan Charlotte Catherine.
His Grace was succeeded by his eldest son,

HENRY PELHAM ALEXANDER, 6th Duke (1834-79), who espoused firstly, in 1861, Henrietta Adela Hope, and had issue,
HENRY FRANCIS HOPE, succeeded his brother;
Beatrice Adeline; Emily Augusta Mary; Florence Josephine.
His Grace was succeeded by his eldest son,

HENRY PELHAM ARCHIBALD DOUGLAS, 7th Duke (1864-1928), who married, in 1889, Kathleen Florence May, daughter of Major Henry Augustus Candy, though died without issue, when the titles revolved upon his brother,

HENRY FRANCIS HOPE, 8th Duke (1866-1941), who wedded firstly, in 1894, Mary Augusta, daughter of William Yohe; and secondly, in 1904, Mrs Olive Muriel Owen, and had issue,
HENRY EDWARD HUGH, his successor;
Doria Lois; Mary.
His Grace was succeeded by his son,

HENRY EDWARD HUGH, 9th Duke, OBE (1907-88), who wedded firstly, in 1931, Mrs Jean Banks Gimbernat; and secondly, in 1946, the Lady Mary Montagu-Stuart-Wortley, second daughter of the 3rd Earl of Wharncliffe, and had issue, two daughters,
Kathleen Marie Gabrielle.
He espoused thirdly, in 1959, Mrs Sally Anne Wemyss Hope.

His Grace died without male issue, and was succeeded by his cousin,

EDWARD CHARLES, 10th Duke (1920-88), on those death the dukedom of Newcastle-under-Lyne expired.

The earldom of Lincoln, however, was inherited by a distant cousin, Edward Horace Fiennes-Clinton.

Former seats ~ Clumber Park, Tuxford, Nottinghamshire; Hafod, Cardiganshire.

First published in July, 2017.  Newcastle arms courtesy of European Heraldry.


Andrew said...

Fascinating. I'm hoping to go to Clumber Park in August. Hopefully the chapel will be open. Also hope to visit the Portland Collection at Welbeck Abbey. Enjoyed your other recent post. Thanks for all your interesting work. Andrew

Timothy Belmont said...

Many thanks Andrew.