Monday, 26 July 2021

1st Duke of Buckingham and Chandos


The family of GRENVILLE, of Wotton, Buckinghamshire, was a younger branch of the Grenvilles, or Granvilles, of Devon, whose descent from Rollo, 1st Duke of Normandy, is recited and acknowledged in a warrant from CHARLES II to John Granville, 1st Earl of Bath, authorizing him to use the titles of Earl of Corboile, Thorigny, and Granville, which had been borne by his ancestor, Richard de Grenville, who died after 1142.

RICHARD GRENVILLE (1678-1727), of Wotton, married, in 1710, Hester, eldest daughter of Sir Richard Temple Bt, of Stowe, Buckinghamshire, and sister of Richard, Viscount Cobham.

On the death of her said brother, this lady, pursuant to an especial limitation in his patent of creation, became Viscountess Cobham, to her and her heirs male.

Her ladyship was further advanced, in 1749, to the dignity of COUNTESS TEMPLE OF STOWE.

The issue of Lady Temple and Richard Grenville were,
RICHARD, her successor;
William Wyndham;
Her ladyship died in 1752, and was succeeded by her eldest son,

RICHARD, 2nd Earl (1711-79), KG, who wedded Anne, daughter and co-heir of Thomas Chambers, of Hanworth, Middlesex, and had an only child, ELIZABETH, who died in 1742, aged four.

2nd Earl Temple of Stowe (Image: National Portrait Gallery)

His lordship was succeeded by his nephew,

GEORGE, 3rd Earl (1753-1813), KG, KP, who obtained the royal sign manual, 1779, authorizing him to take the names of NUGENT and TEMPLE before that of GRENVILLE, and to sign the name of Nugent before before all titles of honour.

His lordship was created Marquess of Buckingham in 1784.

He married, in 1775, the Lady Mary Nugent, daughter of the 1st Earl Nugent, and had issue,
RICHARD, his successor;
His lordship was succeeded by his elder son,

RICHARD, 2nd Marquess (1776-1839), KG, who wedded, in 1796, the Lady Anne Brydges, daughter of James, 3rd and last DUKE OF CHANDOS.

His lordship was created, in 1822, Marquess of Chandos and DUKE OF BUCKINGHAM AND CHANDOS.

His Grace was succeeded by his son,

RICHARD, 2nd Duke (1797-1861), KG, GCH, who wedded, in 1819, the Lady Mary, daughter of the 1st Marquess of Breadalbane, and had issue, with a daughter, a son and successor,

RICHARD, 3rd Duke (1823-89), GCSI, who married firstly, in 1851, Caroline, daughter of Robert Harvey, and had issue,
MARY, 11th Lady Kinloss;
Anne; Caroline Jemima.
His Grace espoused secondly, in 1885, Alice, daughter of Sir Graham Graham-Montgomery Bt; the marriage, however, was without issue.

3rd Duke of Buckingham and Chandos GCSI
(Image: Buckinghamshire County Council)

The titles expired in 1889, on the decease of the 3rd and last Duke.

Former seat ~ Stowe House, Buckinghamshire.

First published in July, 2017. 

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